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Just a few words about Ethics and Utilitarianism

In fact, there are two basic ethics theories, trying to justify and specify moral rules as well as principles. These are utilitarianism as well as deontological ethics. Utilitarianism (also dubbed consequentialism) appears to be a moral theory refined and developed in the up-to-date world in the writings of Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and also John Stuart Mill (1806-1873).

There’re several varieties of utilitarianism, although, basically, a utilitarian approach to morality states that no moral act, such as stealing or rule is intrinsically wrong or right. However, the wrongness or rightness of a particular act or rule appears to be a matter of the overall nonmoral good generated in the consequences of performing the act or following the rule. In general, as utilitarianism states morality can be defined as a matter of the nonmoral good produced, which results from moral actions as well as rules, while moral duty is fully instrumental, and not intrinsic. Morality appears to be a means to some other end.

Frankly speaking, in this particular review we don’t have enough space to provide a detailed critique of utilitarianism. Instead, we can just say that the vast majority of moral philosophers as well as theologians have already found it defective. There’s one key problem. The matter is that utilitarianism, when adopted, fully justifies as morally appropriate things, which are absolutely immoral. For instance, utilitarianism can be employed to justify punishing an innocent person or enslaving a tiny group of folks if such acts generate a maximization of consequences. However, such acts appear to be clearly immoral no matter how fruitful they might be for many people.

Well, for this as well as other reasons, a great number of thinkers have advocated a second type of moral theory, which is deontological ethics. The very essence of deontological ethics is keeping with natural moral law, Scripture, as well as intuitions from common sense. As for the word “deontological”, it descends from the Greek word deon, standing for binding duty.

Deontological ethics features at least three crucial features. The first one states that duty needs to be executed for duty’s sake. The wrongness or rightness of a rule or act is partially a matter of the true moral features of that kind of rule or act. For instance, acts of promise breaking, lying, or murder are intrinsically wrong, so we have a duty to avoid these things.

In fact, there are two basic ethics theories, trying to justify and specify moral rules as well as principles. These are utilitarianism as well as deontological ethics. Utilitarianism (also dubbed consequentialism) appears to be a moral theory refined and developed in the up-to-date world in the writings of Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and also John Stuart Mill (1806-1873).

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100001571
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CREATED ON
August 26, 2016
COMPLETED ON
August 27, 2016
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$32
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Essay Example Comments
carlokaram9816
November 8, 2016
carlokaram9816
Perfect
carlokaram9816
November 8, 2016
carlokaram9816
Great job
germanvd54
October 11, 2016
germanvd54
Good job and on time.