Indians, collectively known as the Pueblo, inhabit Southwestern of United States. This is a whole group of tribes. They are the most ancient inhabitants of the area. Pueblo culture is characterized by an extremely high level of development of agriculture and crafts and sophisticated construction technology. Generally, the pueblo is a special type of structure, a fortress around a courtyard or square, with external walls without windows and rows of houses. In these settlements could live up to four thousand people. These kinds of cities are characteristic of a number of agricultural Indian peoples on southwestern of the United States. Exactly because of this, tribes were unified in the group of the Pueblo peoples, unlike the neighboring Indian tribes, for example, the Navajo and Apache, which do not create permanent settlements and were nomads.
One of the most unusual of the Pueblo peoples is the Hopi tribe. The people of this tribe are considered as the guardians of the traditions of the Native Americans. There are twelve villages inhabited by the Hopi and eight pueblo villages belonging to them. One of these villages has already existed since 1050. This is the oldest settlements in North America, which exist and live to this day.
Hopi honor and protect their tradition ceremonial culture extremely faithfully. They try to keep them in their original form. Each of the villages has their own rituals, their own kachinas (it is the spirit, which is similar to the people and who, according to Indian ideas, is not inherent to living beings, but also any other manifestations of life, such as minerals, plants, stars, natural phenomena). The main task and responsibility of each of the Hopi villages is to preserve the integrity of certain (in each village they are different) ancestral traditions.
Snake dance, for example, has been preserved from ancient times to the present day. This elaborate ritual requires a two-week training, during which people catch snakes and leave them with young children. Snakes are very poisonous and dangerous, but none of the Hopi does not care, and, moreover, never had any of the Indians or their children were harmed during the ceremony and the preparation for it.
All participants take special grass before the ritual dance, obviously having psychotropic effects, and then dance. With snakes in their mouth! It is believed that after such a dance, snakes will retell to higher powers prayer and requests of Indians.
Hopi also even have religious unions, the aim of which is to reveal the preservation and transmission of the special, secret knowledge. For example, the Brotherhood of Rattlesnake still owns an ancient secret antidote to snake bite of this snake and this kind of alliances certainly combine the representatives of different clans, so esoteric, secret knowledge is at the same time the common property of the tribe.
Indians, collectively known as the Pueblo, inhabit Southwestern of United States. This is a whole group of tribes. They are the most ancient inhabitants of the area. Pueblo culture is characterized by an extremely high level of development of agriculture and crafts and sophisticated construction technology.