The Cryptococcus Neoformans is the type of fungus, which causes cryptococcosis, difficult and potentially fatal infectious disease, in humans. In recent decades, fungal diseases do not lose their relevance. Among all invasive fungal infections, cryptococcal infection is one of the most severe, because it is a life-threatening disease. Even with timely treatment, mortality ranges from 10% to 25%, and reaches 90% in developing countries. Every year in the world, there are nearly 1 million cases of cryptococcosis. It is well-known fact that cryptococcosis is one of the most dangerous diseases for patients with AIDS and the number of infected people has increased since the late 1980s due to the pandemic of HIV. For every one million of patients with this pathology at least 100,000 patients faces with cryptococcal infection. Two hundred new diseases of Cryptococcus’s are registered in the United States every year. Moreover, 20-30% of them are fatal. Cryptococcus is widespread in nature, it can be found in the droppings of pigeons, sparrows and other birds, but birds do not get sick. In the dried state Cryptococcus may persist for many months. Cryptococcus sometimes is situated on the mucous membranes of healthy people as a saprophyte. The duration of the incubation period is not set. Human infection occurs by inhalation of dust. The fungus infects the central nervous system, lungs, skin, and mucous membranes. Most often, the disease is registered in men.
What are the symptoms of this disease?
• Cryptococcosis causes a headache.
• Sensitivity to light.
• Disorders of vision and other senses.
• Chest and neck pain.
• Memory loss.
• Mental disorders.
If you are suffering from these symptoms, then consult a doctor immediately! The absence of appropriate treatment can occur coma and even death.
Is it real to deal with the disease?
With timely treatment of disease, the prognosis is quite favorable. However, higher doses of prescription drugs can lead to complications, such as damage of membrane of the kidney. In addition, kidney failure may develop too, which is why they are able to fall uremic coma. If untreated, the disease can be fatal.
How to avoid this disease?
The best way to avoid illness is to carry out some simple tips. First, observe personal hygiene. Second, limit contact with the sick people and, finally, conduct regular examinations at the doctor.
The Cryptococcus Neoformans is the type of fungus, which causes cryptococcosis, difficult and potentially fatal infectious disease, in humans. In recent decades, fungal diseases do not lose their relevance. Among all invasive fungal infections, cryptococcal infection is one of the most severe, because it is a life-threatening disease.