Colonial history of the United States covers the period from the beginning of the European colonization of the Americas, in particular the British colonization, to the declaration of independence in 1776. At the end of the 15th century, England, Scotland, France, Sweden, Spain, and the Netherlands began to colonize North America. Many colonies, for example, a well-known colony of Roanoke, were abandoned or disappeared, but some have been successful. The first European settlers came from different social classes and religious denominations. Aristocrats didn’t permanently settle in America, mostly adventurers, soldiers, farmers, and traders travelled over the ocean. British from Jamestown and New England, the Dutch of New Netherlands, Finns and Swedes of New Sweden arrived in the New World to build their colonies, each with its own unique culture, a particular social structure, economy, politics, and religion.
Historians generally distinguish four regions, where the modern eastern US was formed: New England in the north, colonies on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay in the south, the Middle colonies on the Atlantic coast between them and the colonies formed to the south of the Chesapeake Bay. Some authors also mention the fifth region, a frontier, which had no outlet to the ocean and was isolated politically. Most of the local Indian population by the beginning of colonization already died due to new diseases that had been brought in America by navigators and missionaries before the end of the 15th century.
The first permanent English colony was founded in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia. Colonists came from all European countries, but Englishmen were the biggest part. By 1733, English settlers had already established 13 colonies on the Atlantic coast of New Hampshire in the north to Georgia in the south. In other parts of North America, the French controlled Canada and Louisiana, including a huge swimming pool of the Mississippi River. During the 18th century, France and England fought several wars with each other, which North America was invariably drawn into. At the end of the Seven Years War in 1763, Britain controlled Canada and all of North America to the east of the Mississippi River.
Shortly thereafter, a conflict broke out between England and its colonies. Metropolis has introduced new taxes, in part to offset the costs of keeping the seven-year war. In addition, Britain demanded the Americans to provide accommodation to the British soldiers. The colonists opposed the tax and did not want to lodge British soldiers.
On April 19, 1775 the war began against the British rule, which ended in the adoption of independence by the USA.
Colonial history of the United States covers the period from the beginning of the European colonization of the Americas, in particular the British colonization, to the declaration of independence in 1776. At the end of the 15th century, England, Scotland, France, Sweden, Spain, and the Netherlands began to colonize North America.