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Equalities of the People – Aristotle v. Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson and Aristotle both have views of equality among people. However, in the centuries they lived in, there is no such a thing as equality of people.

Aristotle adhered to organic theory of the state, i.e. the state arises from the nature of things. This follows from the nature of a person. The state is a product of natural development. In this respect, it is similar to such naturally risen primary forms of communication as a family and a village. But the state is the highest form of communication. The state is the political dialogue between free and equal people. A person is by nature a political creature, and the genesis of the political nature of a man is completed in the state.

Aristotle believed that people are not equal in nature. From the Hellenic-centrist position, he noted that the barbarians are people with poor human nature, and they have not grown to the political forms of life. He said that the Barbarian and a slave, by their nature, are identical concepts. Relationship between a master and a servant are, according to Aristotle, a part of the family, not the state.

According to Aristotle, there cannot be a happy state if at least one citizen is unhappy. The purpose of the state is the happy life of citizens. Aristotle saw the main cause of the disturbances and revolutions in the state in the absence of equality. Coups are a consequence of a violation of the relative nature of the principle of equality and the distortion of political justice, requiring in some cases to be guided by quantitative equality, and in other cases – by the true equality.

Young Virginian planter, Thomas Jefferson, became one of the leaders of the patriotic movement 4-5 years before independence. In 1774, he anonymously published a brilliant pamphlet, An Overview of the Rights of British America. In June 1776, a 33-year-old Virginian was asked to write Declaration of Independence.

For Jefferson as the author of the Declaration, the following truths were obvious: all men are created equal; they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, including life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The natural equality of people proclaimed in the preamble to the Declaration directly contrasted class privileges inherited from the feudal, inalienable rights – feudal lawlessness. These ideas had concrete practical and political meaning in the struggle against the British colonialists, who denied the equality of the colonists with the inhabitants of the metropolis, and encroach on the rights of the colonists.

Thomas Jefferson and Aristotle both have views of equality among people. However, in the centuries they lived in, there is no such a thing as equality of people.

Aristotle adhered to organic theory of the state, i.e. the state arises from the nature of things. This follows from the nature of a person. The state is a product of natural development.

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Assignment ID
100001435
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CREATED ON
August 26, 2016
COMPLETED ON
August 27, 2016
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$35
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Essay Example Comments
shiloe0128
December 4, 2016
shiloe0128
good work
shiloe0128
December 4, 2016
shiloe0128
great Work!
shiloe0128
December 4, 2016
shiloe0128
great work!