When examining psychological theories of crime, you should be aware of the three key theories. The first is psychodynamic theory, centered on the notion that a person’s early childhood experience greatly influences her or his likelihood for committing future crimes. The second appears to be behavioral theory. Behavioral theorists have managed to expand the work of Gabriel Tarde via behavior modeling as well as social learning. Cognitive theory is the third one. In this case, key premise of which suggests that a person’s perception and how it’s manifested really affect his or her potential to commit crime. In other words, behavioral theory mainly focuses on how an individual’s perception of the world impacts his or her behavior.
Have you ever thought why people commit crimes? In fact, the criminal justice system is very concerned with this crucial question, and professional criminologists are trying to answer them. Unfortunately, the question of why crimes are committed is extremely difficult to answer. For centuries, folks have been searching for an adequate answer to this question. That’s crucial to recognize that there’re a lot of different explanations as to why folks commit crime. One of the major explanations is built around psychological theories, focusing on the association among intelligence, learning, personality, and criminal behavior. Thus, in any discussion closely connected with crime causation, one needs to contemplate psychological theories.
The five theories, including psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, intelligence and personality) provide appealing insights into why a particular person might commit a crime. However, one shouldn’t assume that there’s just one reason why an individual commits crime. Those looking for a single explanation need to be cautious, because there’s no panacea for the problem of crime.
Charles Goring was first to discover a relationship between flawed intelligence and crime. Goring examined up to 3,000 convicts in England to prove his theory. It’s crucial to note that Goring didn’t find any physical differences between criminals and non-criminals. However, he discovered that criminals are more likely to be absolutely insane, to be unintelligent, and to demonstrate poor social behavior. A second pioneer was Gabriel Tarde, who found out that people learn from each other and also imitate one another. According to his research, out of 100 folks, only 1 happened to be creative or inventive, while the remainder were prone to imitation.
When examining psychological theories of crime, you should be aware of the three key theories. The first is psychodynamic theory, centered on the notion that a person’s early childhood experience greatly influences her or his likelihood for committing future crimes. The second appears to be behavioral theory.