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My View On Offender Rehabilitation

Australia's prison population keeps growing at a rate, which is four times that of the general population. Now the imprisonment rate in this country exceeds the rate found across Western Europe, Scandinavia, England, Canada, Wales and New Zealand. In September 2009, there were approximately 85,500 adult persons getting correctional services, with more than 30,000 folks in prison.

For recent years correctional administrators of Australia have invested a lot into the development as well as delivery of programs, evaluation and monitoring, staff training, associated policy targeted at rehabilitating moderate to high-risk prisoners. The given initiatives have been backed by a robust body of evidence clearly demonstrating that rehabilitative efforts are mostly successful in reducing recidivism. Really, we have grounds to suggest that without rehabilitation, sanctions as well as incarceration alone might result in increased rates of reoffending.

Before 2004, limited amounts of information were available about the national profile of Australian offender programs. In 2004, a report entitled Correctional Offender Treatment Programs: The National Picture in Australia was issued by the Criminology Research Council. The authors stressed that while every correctional jurisdiction was implementing a wide range of programs on a local level, both in the community as well as custodial settings, and had highly developed systems of program delivery, highly motivated employees as well as a general organizational acceptance of the importance of offender rehabilitation, an issue of key significance appeared to be the failure of many currently existing programs to meet internationally accepted requirements.

Many programs would be regarded as concise especially when compared with accepted international practice, that recommends a minimum of 100 hours program time on the condition programs achieve optimal results in terms of reductions in recidivism. Currently only a couple of programs delivered in Australia would meet this minimum, while intensive programs demand more resources. The extent to which less intensive programs offered now can achieve great reductions in recidivism is mostly unknown.

The information contained in the paper is drawn from a more recent and also larger study extending the work of Howells et al., by illustrating the changing trends of custodial-based offender rehabilitation programs in Australia for five years.

Australia's prison population keeps growing at a rate, which is four times that of the general population. Now the imprisonment rate in this country exceeds the rate found across Western Europe, Scandinavia, England, Canada, Wales and New Zealand. In September 2009, there were approximately 85,500 adult persons getting correctional services, with more than 30,000 folks in prison.

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Assignment ID
100001426
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CREATED ON
August 28, 2016
COMPLETED ON
August 29, 2016
Price
$25
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