It is believed that the main issue of the capital punishment is an argument of its opponents and supporters about the very existence of the death penalty. In this connection two public camps were formed – the abolitionists (against) and retentionists (for) that form the current state of public consciousness. Despite a clear separation of the positions, it appears upon careful consideration that they have much less contradictions than they themselves believe. The problem of the capital punishment has been artificially created for political manipulation in society.
The attitude to this kind of punishment is the question of moral dominant of each person; attitude of society is an indicator of the prevailing morals and mentalities in it, a measure of how much it is imbued with the ideas of justice, humanity, and civilization.
Fundamental rights are recognized in the laws of most countries. But on the way to the absolute recognition of the right to life, the prohibition of the death penalty always leads to executions in a large number of countries. The problem of the death penalty cannot be separated from the general concept of human rights and is incompatible with it, because the penalty violates the rights of a person and, above all, it violates the right to life. The death penalty is contrary to the international legal standards in the field of human rights; it violates the universally recognized norms of the right to life. Establishment of a ban on the use of the death penalty in modern international law is associated with the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms as a basic principle and the general recognition of the absolute right to life.
Under the pretext of protecting national interests people in power often seek to destroy their political opponents. Special needs of the state may encourage the authorities to make unwanted witnesses forever silenced, torture, and deprive its citizens of any other rights. The arguments given publicly to justify the death penalty with the references to the highest good reminiscent of the arguments expressed in private to justify other abuses committed in secret.
The argument of just retribution for a crime that is so terrible that the death penalty is the only and necessary response to it, is characterized as a barbaric custom of revenge and must be overcome in today’s society. The state, which pretends to be humane, cannot rely on revenge and cruelty. Implementing the capital punishment, we permanently exclude any possibility of subsequent repentance, correction or reconciliation.
It is believed that the main issue of the capital punishment is an argument of its opponents and supporters about the very existence of the death penalty. In this connection two public camps were formed – the abolitionists (against) and retentionists (for) that form the current state of public consciousness.