Everyone has heard about autism, but what is it? First, let's talk about the origin of the word "autism". Few people know that this word came from the Greek word autos, which means self. Scientists explain this diagnosis like a person is removed from social interaction -hence, is self-isolated. Secondly, the first scientist in this field, Eugen Bleuler, began using this term to refer the sick people to one group of symptoms of schizophrenia. He was a psychiatrist. What is more, he started using this term in 1911. More knowledge about the term autism came in 1940 years. For example, in 1943 American child psychiatrist Leo Kanner studied 11 children. Leo Kanner described some features, which he discovered in children’s behavior. The extreme autistic loneliness - children were not able to establish normal relations with other people, but looked quite happy when they remained alone. The irresistible obsessive desire for a permanence - children are very disappointed when there were changes in the ordinary course of events or circumstances. The excellent mechanical memory - children that were seen by Kanner, were able to remember a large number of the completely useless information (such as page numbers) that it is not consistent with the sharp decline in intelligence, which manifested itself in other diseases such as the schizophrenia. Then, in 1944 Hans Asperger, a scientist in Germany, identified a similar condition that’s now called Asperger’s syndrome. The both of the scientists separated the three main features of the autism which different of the schizophrenia: a positive trend, the lack of hallucinations and the soreness of children from the first years of life.
So what are the symptoms of autism? Scientists recognize three main symptoms; these symptoms are usually seen early in development. In the age of 3 years, the autism is already diagnosed for the most children. There is a growing biogenetic approach in the modern science that considers both biologically caused autism and chronic developmental disorder, which manifests itself in the first years of life. Therefore, for over half of a century, starting in 1943, when early autism was first described by L. Kanner, the views on its causes and clinical manifestations significantly changed. For a long time, the autism and the schizophrenia were seen as a form of mental pathology, whereas they are now considered different disorders.
Everyone has heard about autism, but what is it? First, let's talk about the origin of the word "autism". Few people know that this word came from the Greek word autos, which means self. Scientists explain this diagnosis like a person is removed from social interaction -hence, is self-isolated.