Speaking frankly, most people in the world and probably even you still have a deep stereotype that China (at least from the beginning and to the 20th century), is the closed country and perennially tries to cut off from reality. You maybe think that Chinese keep traditions and that is why they refuse any forms of diplomacy. China has been recognized as the country, which ignores the world outside its borders and avoids any technology development. However, Joanna Waley Cohen, a professor of history at the university, dispels these myths in her book "The Sextant of Beijing". She tries to analyze the historical path of this east state and to explain all the factors, which have an impact on the status of China as a closed state. The professor says that their powerful and hostile competitors on the north with which they are bordering caused the closed foreign policy of China. They were forced to defend their land from enemies and therefore have adopted a closed line of policy. Subsequently, of course, China did attempts to avoid trade with the European countries, but again they did it to avoid spreading of the imperial wishes of the European countries, but not because of disregard.
It examines first contacts, relationships and cultural exchanges with other Chinese peoples of the East. The author Waley Cohen proves the existence of silk route that ran across China. It also highlights the facts that China conducted an intensive exchange not only in the cultural sphere but also in technology. For example, many foreign innovations were accepted in China for a very long time (including the sextants built by Jesuit missionaries and used in a Beijing observatory, which gave its name to the book).
She tells all about the development of China. From the establishment of the State and to the point when Chinese with arms in hands fought against the enemies in World War II. Writing for wide auditory, Waley Cohen discusses numerous ways how China has been interested in and open to foreign ideas including military developments, science and technology, trade, and religion. This book presents for us this country from the new view. It describes China more open and engaged country. Moreover, the author describes modern China and summarizes at the end all the factors that caused that their status internationally.
Therefore, if you want to leave the stereotypes in the past and learn many interesting and cognitive things about the culture, history and development of China, this book is already waiting for him. Figure out why China has never been a closed country. We promise it is worth reading.
Speaking frankly, most people in the world and probably even you still have a deep stereotype that China (at least from the beginning and to the 20th century), is the closed country and perennially tries to cut off from reality. You maybe think that Chinese keep traditions and that is why they refuse any forms of diplomacy.