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The Right for Revolution

The right for revolution is in political philosophy a right of citizens by any means, including armed struggle, to defend their rights and freedom from the usurpers. This right refers to the natural law, that is, it does not require confirmation by norms of positive law.

Justification of the right to resist oppression originates in the ancient right of killing tyrants. For the first time, the right for revolution was recorded in 1776 in U.S. Declaration of Independence. The preamble to this document states that if any government becomes destructive of these rights, people have the right to alter or abolish it, and establish a new system based on these principles and organizing its powers in such form, which should in the best way ensure the security and prosperity of the people.

Article 2 of the French Declaration of the rights and freedoms of a man and a citizen of 1789 also indicates the right to resist oppression as a natural and inalienable human right, along with freedom, property and safety.

In the Polish Kingdom and the Commonwealth, the right to resist was one of the privileges of the nobility in order to ensure protection of the rights and privileges of gentry in the case of non-compliance.

Most modern democracies’ constitutions proclaim popular sovereignty, assuming that the only source of power in the state is the people and therefore they have the right to resist the usurpation of power or abuse. Perhaps this is why the right for revolution is not secured in most modern constitutions. Another reason is the fact that it can be difficult to distinguish the right for revolution from the risk of political extremists’ attempts to seize power by force, on the grounds that the existing rule allegedly violates certain rights and freedoms.

However, a number of modern democratic constitutions enshrined the right for revolution. For example, Article 20 of the Basic Law of Germany declares that the Federal Republic of Germany is a democratic and social federal state and if anyone tries to abolish this constitutional order, all Germans have the right to resist using other means.

French Constitution of October 4, 1958 confirmed the Declaration of 1789. It means that the right for revolution is one of the fundamental rights, belonging to French nationals.

There are a lot of scientific discussions about the right for revolution. Mainly the debates are between the supporters of the concept of natural law and positivists.

The right for revolution is in political philosophy a right of citizens by any means, including armed struggle, to defend their rights and freedom from the usurpers. This right refers to the natural law, that is, it does not require confirmation by norms of positive law.

Justification of the right to resist oppression originates in the ancient right of killing tyrants.

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100001385
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CREATED ON
August 27, 2016
COMPLETED ON
August 28, 2016
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$9
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Essay Example Comments
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November 8, 2016
saleem141241
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November 2, 2016
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October 31, 2016
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