Right after the Civil War in the US, many actions taken by radical republicans resulted in a number of major changes in the South. This period is called Radical Reconstruction and it was led by such famous politicians as Stevens and Sumner. Basically, they believed to achieve a number of goals and targets this way so that you should get a better idea of the most important ones while researching this interesting subject.
First of all, republicans wanted to punish the other side and hoped to keep their power by taking advantage of the entire situation. They also wanted to protect and guarantee the further industrial growth of their states and get the most out of economic benefits. Another important goal that radicals had is helping freed slaves so that the equality of African-Americans was a true target that they wanted to achieve, and it also was an efficient way to retain their huge power. For example, they believed that if they helped freed slaves, they would become republicans too, thus boosting their power.
Radicals used their legislature to achieve all the above-mentioned goals, and their first victory was accepting the Civil Right Act. They had to overcome certain obstacles, such as the opposition headed by Jackson who vetoed this important law as soon as he could. However, it’s worth mentioning that republicans had the most power in Congress so that his veto wasn’t a big problem for them, but his resistance helped to pass the amendment. This act was focused on protecting the rights of freed slaves and provided them with more equality.
Of course, these actions didn’t suit many people in the South who resented the actions of the Freedmen Bureau established by Congress to protect, feed, and help freed slaves. It’s no wonder all southern states refused to accept this law so that Congress has to issue the Reconstruction Act, which was a strong hit. This is how the South was out under military rules, divided into 5 basic military districts governed by northern generals, forced to issue a new constitution, allowed blacks to vote, and so on.
In conclusion, this act met a lot of opposition so that people in the South continued to beat, kill, and injure blacks even under military rules. Most governors, senators, and representatives of these states had to agree with the North and its policies. One of the most prominent facts is that blacks were elected to many office positions so that whites was afraid of them and decided to increase their violence.
Right after the Civil War in the US, many actions taken by radical republicans resulted in a number of major changes in the South. This period is called Radical Reconstruction and it was led by such famous politicians as Stevens and Sumner.