Such people as Napoleon are born once in a few centuries. These are people with a natural born talent of leaders and commanders. It is impossible to account all his qualities, but still both his wrong and right actions are studied in military academies and excite the imagination of many historians. Why is it that this great commander failed to maintain his gains to build the Great Empire?
To begin with, we should consider why Napoleon so easily conquered Europe. First, he had been able to create a grand army the principles of the management of which are still being used by all the armies of developed countries. The state apparatus, that ensured colossal munition to Napoleon’s army, is a matter of no small consequence in his victorious pace across Europe. Another secret of his military policy is his idea that not sharpshooters but only big battalions win the war. However, apart from the purely military aspect, there is also a political one. In Europe of the early 19th century sprang a new, strong and aggressive elite class - the bourgeoisie, which did not accept the feudal leadership of Europe. The system of feudal-monarchical power did not suit the maturing bourgeoisie class and its growing incomes. It was the bourgeoisie of Europe that had provided Napoleon with the opportunity to hold the defeated countries and replenish his army from the occupied territories.
So Europe is in the hands of Napoleon and it is time for Russia. First, Napoleon made an attempt to find true allies in Turkey, which was in a state of war with Russia, and Sweden, which had recently been at war with Russia. But here Napoleon suffered a defeat. Russia signed a peace agreement with Turkey and urged Sweden to come over their side. As the result, Napoleon lost all the allies. Then Napoleon decided to count on the people of Russia, who were dissatisfied with the reign of Alexander I. It was the biggest mistake of his.
The national levy with the support of which Napoleon won many battles, turned against him. Instead of fighting their monarch, they rose to fight the French Emperor.
Another strategic mistake was the occupation of Moscow that did not lead to the victorious conclusion of the war. Forced to retreat, the Russian army was ready to continue fighting. Moreover, Napoleon had to cope with guerrilla warfare in the rear. To crown it all, the unsuccessful rivalry with Britain the "Mistress of the seas" entailed the collapse of the French Empire. In the text of his abdication, he wrote that he did it for the good of the Motherland.
Such people as Napoleon are born once in a few centuries. These are people with a natural born talent of leaders and commanders. It is impossible to account all his qualities, but still both his wrong and right actions are studied in military academies and excite the imagination of many historians.