Olympic Games in Ancient Greece were the largest ancient sport competitions. The games originated as part of a religious cult and were held from 776 B.C. until 394 A.D. in Olympia. The Olympic Games were significant event for the whole Ancient Greece that went beyond the purely sporting event. Winning at the Olympics was considered very honorable for an athlete, and for the city he represented.
From the 1st to the 13th Olympic Games in ancient Greece there was only one type of competition: running at 192 meters, from one end of the stadium to the other. One of the greatest runners of Antiquity was Leonid Rhodes. In the 2nd century B.C. he took part in the 4th Olympic Games and came to the finish line first for 12 times.
Running at 384 meters was introduced in 724 B.C. In 720 B.C., the so-called long run was introduced, the length of which was 1,344 meters. Another running discipline was hoplitodromos, a foot race where competitors were required to wear greaves of the hoplite and a helmet.
From 688 B.C., boxing were introduced in the program of the Olympic Games. Most often, the victory went to those fighters, who were able to defeat the enemy, without receiving a single blow. One of the first boxers, whose name is remembered in history of the sport, was Tisandr of Naxos, who defeated all opponents during four Olympics.
The second type of martial arts was introduced in 648 B.C. for men and in 200 B.C. for boys – pankration. This form of martial arts allowed strikes not only by hands, but also by feet, as well as all kinds of grips.
Pentathlon was first introduced in the Olympic Games in Ancient Greece. Athletes competed in wrestling, running onto the distance, long jumps, discus throwing, and javelin throwing. This kind of competition was added in 708 B.C. All pentathlon disciplines were carried out in one day. Athletes were divided into a pair and competed with each other. If someone defeated opponent in 3 of the 5 disciplines, he was the winner. The winners were competing with each other until the final winner was determined.
In 680 B.C., the Olympic Games of Ancient Greece added races quadriga, in 648 B.C. horse races were added, and in 408 B.C. racing chariots pulled by two horses became the part of the Olympics.
In 396 B.C., the special disciplines have been introduced: the competition of trumpeters and heralds. The Greeks and Romans were convinced that person should be developed not only physically, but also spiritually. During the Olympic Games the poets read their poems and the artists showed their exhibitions of paintings. In the final game, sculptors were asked to make statues of the winners and poets were asked to compose songs of praise.
Olympic Games in Ancient Greece were the largest ancient sport competitions. The games originated as part of a religious cult and were held from 776 B.C. until 394 A.D. in Olympia. The Olympic Games were significant event for the whole Ancient Greece that went beyond the purely sporting event.