When it comes to Victorian England, you should pay attention to its harsh living conditions, especially for the lower class, and effects of industrialization because they affected English literature of the 19thcentury because they became some of the most discussed problems in many literary works of that period. Have you ever heard about Elizabeth Gaskell? Basically, she is a talented novelist who used to write about such conditions of that era. She has a true talent at attracting people’s attention to different social injustices of that time.
Think about the increased literacy levels in Victorian England because they contributed to increased book publishing, but the targeted audience consisted mainly from middle-class readers. They had an interesting attitude towards poor people because they were afraid of their rebellion, diseases, and other things and they also felt disgust and pity. This means that such readers wanted to read about the lower class only from some safe distance and be amazed at the danger that it possessed instead of sharing the sympathy of writers.
As a writer, Elizabeth Gaskell was quite concerned with this kind of social situation so that she expressed her views and attitudes towards the social system of Victorian England through her interesting novels. She used her writing talent as an effective tool of social criticism because she wanted to express her attitude and ideas toward this kind of distress. To change the opinions of the targeted audience, the author used a figure of social explorers. To evoke their sympathy via a feeling of pity, Gaskell used certain characters to represent the society.
To get a better understanding of her literary works and their true value, you need to get more information about the social conditions of the lower class in Victorian England. Industrialization made it one of the most developed countries in the world, but there were many negative effects associated with this progress, despite its obvious benefits. The main one is that England became a country of 2 nations, including lower and upper classes. This means that those people who belonged to lower classes had to overcome many financial hardships and political challenges. Don’t forget about high unemployment rates and fast urbanization because they were the negative consequences of industrialization in this country, and they all were described by Elizabeth.
When it comes to Victorian England, you should pay attention to its harsh living conditions, especially for the lower class, and effects of industrialization because they affected English literature of the 19thcentury because they became some of the most discussed problems in many literary works of that period.