Malcolm X was African-American Islamic spiritual leader and fighter for human rights. Among his supporters, X is known as a defender of the rights of the black population of the United States, a sharp critic of European Americans, who are guilty, according to him, of crimes against blacks. X’s opponents accused him of an apology for racism and violence. X has been named one of the most influential African Americans in history.
When X was six years old, he had lost his father, who was rumored to have been killed by white racists. Seven years later, Malcolm’s mother was placed in a psychiatric hospital, after which the boy was in a foster family. At 20 years old, he was convicted of theft, breaking, and entering. While in prison, he joined the religious and nationalist African-American organization Nation of Islam, and after the liberation in 1952, X quickly became one of its leaders. For twelve years he was the face of this group, the attitude to which was quite controversial. In accordance with the doctrine of the organization, X spread the view of the superiority of blacks, called for the division of the European Americans and African Americans, and mocked integration aspirations of activists for civil rights of blacks.
In March 1964, X was disappointed in the activities of Nation of Islam and its leader Elijah Muhammad, and as a result denied the organization and its teachings. He soon turned to Sunni Islam and traveled to Africa and the Middle East. When he returned to the States, X had started formation of the Organization of Afro-American Unity and Muslim Mosque Inc. Still sharing Pan-African views and supporting the rights of black self-determination and self-protection, X renounced his racist views, saying that he had done a lot, being a Black Muslim, and now he was sorry. He said he acted like a zombie, who was pointed out a certain direction and was told to march.
X received public and private threats from Nation of Islam representatives throughout 1964. In February, the leader of the Seventh Temple of the Nation ordered the member of the Fruit of Islam, the paramilitary wing of the organization, to set the explosives in the vehicle of X. On February 21 1965, X was killed by one of the members of the Nation of Islam.
Some believe that Malcolm X was one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history. He is credited with raising the level of services in the African American identity and establishing their links with the African heritage. X left an enduring legacy. He became one of the preachers of Islam in the US black community.
Malcolm X was African-American Islamic spiritual leader and fighter for human rights. Among his supporters, X is known as a defender of the rights of the black population of the United States, a sharp critic of European Americans, who are guilty, according to him, of crimes against blacks. X’s opponents accused him of an apology for racism and violence.