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The Life and Astronomical Discoveries of Archimedes

Information about the life of Archimedes has been left to us by Polybius, Livy, Cicero, Plutarch, Vitruvius, and others. Almost all of them have lived for many years after the events described, and it is difficult to assess the accuracy of these data.

Archimedes was born in Syracuse, Greek colony on the island of Sicily. A mathematician and astronomer Phidias may have been Archimedes’ father. According to Plutarch, Archimedes was closely related to Hiero II of, the tyrant of Syracuse. Archimedes went to Alexandria, Egypt’s scientific and cultural center of the time, to study.

In Alexandria Archimedes became acquainted with the writings of Democritus, Eudoxus, and other great Greek geometricians, whom he mentioned in his writings. After graduation Archimedes returned to Sicily. In Syracuse, he was surrounded by attention and did not need the funds.

Engineering genius Archimedes forcefully manifested himself during the siege of Syracuse by the Romans in 212 B.C. during the Second Punic War. At this point, Archimedes was 75 years old. Archimedes constructed powerful catapults that threw heavy stones in the Roman troops. Powerful cranes created by Archimedes captured ships with iron hooks, rose them up, and then thrown then down, so that the ships were overturned and sank.

In mathematics, works of Archimedes belonged to almost all areas of mathematics at the time: Archimedes owns remarkable studies on geometry, arithmetic, and algebra. He found all semiregular polyhedral, which now bear his name, significantly developed the theory of conic sections, and offered a geometric method of solving cubic equations.

In astronomy, Archimedes described the measurement of the angular diameter of the Sun. To do this, the scientist used a horizontal line with a cylinder on it. Archimedes’ result of the diameter of the Sun was from 27'and 32.5' that cover the actual value of the angular diameter of the Sun – 32'.

Titus Libya called Archimedes one of a kind observer of the sky and the stars. Perhaps this is associated with the famous technical creation of the scientist – mechanical celestial globe, which was brought to Rome as a trophy. Unlike conventional globes, Archimedes’ globe showed not only the rotation of the sky, but also the motion of other bodies.

Archimedes wrote a book The Structure of a Celestial Globe, which, unfortunately, did not reach us. In the book, the scientist calculated the distance between the Earth, the Sun, and the planets.

Archimedes was probably the author of the mixed system of the world (geocentric, but with a rotation of Mercury and Venus around the Sun).

Information about the life of Archimedes has been left to us by Polybius, Livy, Cicero, Plutarch, Vitruvius, and others. Almost all of them have lived for many years after the events described, and it is difficult to assess the accuracy of these data.

Archimedes was born in Syracuse, Greek colony on the island of Sicily.

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100001310
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CREATED ON
August 28, 2016
COMPLETED ON
August 29, 2016
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$23
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Essay Example Comments
judy.washington4646
October 29, 2016
judy.washington4646
great job
CandiceM
October 26, 2016
CandiceM
Great Job! Will order again. Thanks!
judy.washington4646
October 24, 2016
judy.washington4646
great job