In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird Harper Lee describes the remote province with picturesque landscape, manners, customs, and beliefs; the author skillfully describes the life of the American South as a whole. Maycomb is an old, small town, where it is always very hot, where everyone knows each other. And when you call someone there is no need to name yourself as a telephone operator knows everybody by voice.
Without being an autobiographical book, the novel To Kill a Mockingbird in many respects displays traditional way of life of the American town of Alabama, where Lee was born and raised. Trying to transform the environment from within, Lee introduces the reader to the current 1930s of the social situation related to slavery in America. Abolitionist movement that formed in this period had the religious and ethical character. Representatives of various religious denominations opposed the slave trade and slavery.
The trial of Tom Robinson, a black man, because of the established foundations is divided into black and white, this – good and bad, represents a turning point in the novel. The experience of young children and a well-known local lawyer Atticus Finch, watching the process, very subtly convey attitude of the author of the novel to reality. Everyone knew that the case is doomed. Atticus Finch knew about it too. Yet, the overwhelming sense of duty, honor, and a keen sense of justice, forced the lawyer to take the case. Robinson will die while trying to escape. But the novel focuses on a cautionary thought that evil is rare and the exception, while the world is filled with more good. Almost all the inhabitants of Maycomb are subject to traditional prejudices, especially the racial ones.
The novel is, first of all, a novel about the formation of the human person.
Having learned the lessons of Mark Twain, who said that children are the most pure and consistent democrats, Harper Lee finds her way, allowing to show the adult world through the eyes of a child, without simplifying and impoverishing it. The author puts a little girl in the center of the story. She provokes adults with statements and actions, which becomes a lesson of morality and worldview for her.
The world through the eyes of a child is divided between good and evil. It is easy to distinguish two storylines of the novel. One of them is childish, which is the background of the novel, as the narration is on behalf of a six year old girl, but through the memories of a thirty year old Jean Louise Finch. The second line is adult, which displays the most tragic side of the entire population of Maycomb related to the trial of a Negro.
In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird Harper Lee describes the remote province with picturesque landscape, manners, customs, and beliefs; the author skillfully describes the life of the American South as a whole. Maycomb is an old, small town, where it is always very hot, where everyone knows each other.