The trend of modernism emerged at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. It was a time of revolutionary scientific discoveries and inventions. The old design decisions based on strict observance of laws and verified proportions were archaic and boring. Modernism was a fundamentally new artistic idea. If all pre-existing art depicted the reality, modernism rejected the very notion of reality. Each author treated reality as it existed in the imagination, creating not a reality, but an attitude towards it. The special language of the author, full of conventions, required not the work of mind, but the work of heart. Modernism is a difficult art that involves active joint work of the author and the audience.
In the base of this style is creation of everything new. There were two principal lines of modernism. One line concentrated on versatility, functionality, and rationality. The other one was concentrating on the uniqueness and search for copyright forms. They were two competing directions, united by their rejection of the traditional principles of architecture. In any case, the architects gave up direct lines and geometric shapes, and turned to natural naturalness. The new ideas of planning appeared that were using the latest achievements and building technologies.
Until the 1930s, modernist architects were actively experimenting with images and forms. The founders of modernism in construction and architecture were well-known architects. Walter Gropius created the famous Bauhaus, a school, bringing together many arts. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe tried to connect the inner and outer space; the walls were often extended beyond the building. Le Corbusier formulated the basic rules of functionalism and implemented them when building famous Villa Savoye. Finally, Gustave Eiffel, created a world-famous tower.
In the design and interior modernism is manifested by the use of new technologies and materials, clarity and rigor of the lines, experiments with color and space, practicality and functionality, extensive use of glass, plastic, metal.
The basic idea of modernism style is giving the space light and air, which is added by light and pastel colors of the walls. The walls are usually painted in light green, pale lilac, bluish, or pure gray. Wooden panels can be used for the walls. The decoration of walls with lightweight aluminum is also very popular. Parietal arches, beams and other concrete structures must be functional and logical.
Modernism mixes art with technology, aesthetic with the functional. It concentrates on heating pipes and electrical wiring that are traditionally decorated and carefully hidden.
The trend of modernism emerged at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. It was a time of revolutionary scientific discoveries and inventions. The old design decisions based on strict observance of laws and verified proportions were archaic and boring. Modernism was a fundamentally new artistic idea.