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Prometheus Bound vs. The Iliad

Persuasion is a method that has been used as far back as historians can track the development of language. Persuasion was used in many stories in Ancient Greece as one of the most important techniques, including Prometheus Bound written by Aeschylus and The Iliad written by Homer.

In Prometheus Bound, the persuasion is best shown in the following passages: lines 308-31 in Prometheus Bound. In The Iliad the persuasion is best demonstrated in the twenty second book (lines thirty-seven to seventy-eight). The persuasion in both of these works demonstrates many similarities and differences in the plot, along with revelation of information about emotions, suffering, and pride of many of the characters.

In Prometheus Bound, we can see how Oceanus is trying to persuade Prometheus. He comes to the punishment site of Prometheus to advise him about how to keep reduce his punishment as much as possible. Prometheus openly says how he thinks Zeus is a very bad ruler, which Oceanus believes wouldn’t help reduce the punishment. Oceanus describes Prometheus’s language as harsh and sharpened swords, which is metaphor showing Prometheus’s recklessness. Oceanus is afraid that his friend’s words are too harsh and Zeus will hear them and punish Prometheus even more severely. Oceanus tells Prometheus to be quiet and warns him of possible punishments. Despite all his effort Oceanus is unsuccessful is his task and only receives nasty objections from Prometheus.

In the Iliad, Priam, the king of Troy, receives similar outcome when he is trying to persuade Hector. In the poem, Hector goes alone outside the walls of Iliad to fight Achilles. Hector goes all by himself, because his strategy not to withdraw the day earlier resulted in many Trojan deaths, and now he is embarrassed and thinks that he can only prove himself when fighting Achilles alone. Priam, knowing that Achilles is much stronger, attempts to persuade Hector to come back into the city. In his attempts, Priam uses death as his main threat. At first, he tells Hector about how Achilles has killed many men and then that he would most likely die himself. Priam doesn’t want his friend to die, but also he does not want to lose one of his best worriers. Despite all the persuasion, Hector doesn’t listen and meets his fate.

In the Iliad, characters helplessly and passively await the execution of their fate, while during their lives they show the maximum activity. As for the characters in Prometheus Bound, they did not have anything to do with the abstract ethical categories; Aeschylus makes gods humanlike, turning them into generic types, which differ in their character and attitude to the human race.

Persuasion is a method that has been used as far back as historians can track the development of language. Persuasion was used in many stories in Ancient Greece as one of the most important techniques, including Prometheus Bound written by Aeschylus and The Iliad written by Homer.

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100001216
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CREATED ON
August 27, 2016
COMPLETED ON
August 28, 2016
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