At the beginning of 1930s, there was an atmosphere of gloom in Germany. The global economic crisis has hit the country and millions of people lost their jobs. Still fresh was the memory of a humiliating defeat of Germany in the First World War fifteen years ago. In addition, the Germans considered their own government too weak, the Weimar Republic. These conditions gave a chance to rise to the new leader Adolf Hitler and his brainchild – the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, abbreviated as the Nazi Party.
A convincing and eloquent orator, Hitler, won over to his side a lot of Germans, eager to change. He promised the people, who have lost hope to increase the quality of life and restore former glory of Germany. The Nazis appealed especially to the unemployed, young people and lower classes of the middle class (small store owners, office workers, craftsmen, and farmers).
The party came to power at lightning speed. Before the economic crisis, the Nazis were ignorant minority party; in the elections to the Reichstag (German parliament) in 1924, they received only 3% of the vote. In 1932, during the elections the Nazis won 33% of votes, ahead of all other parties. In January 1933, Hitler was appointed a chancellor, the head of the German government, and many Germans saw him as a savior of the nation.
During the first months in power, Adolf Hitler showed that he would not take any constraints, no matter where they come from. He began endemic unification of Germany. They Communist party was banned, and then the Social Democratic Party. A number of parties have been forced to disband. Trade unions have been liquidated. Opponents of the new government without trial were sent to concentration camps. The mass persecution of foreigners began, the culmination of which was a special operation, aimed at the physical destruction of the Jewish population.
To strengthen the mass base of his regime, Hitler carried out a number of activities designed for public support. Unemployment was eliminated. However, the basis of the Hitler regime’s policy was preparing for revenge for the loss in the First World War.
In the spirit of revenge waged propaganda treatment of the population. Hitler went on to violate points of the Versailles Treaty, which restricted the German war effort. Hitler restored armored troops and military aircraft. The Czech Republic was absorbed, while Austria was annexed. Getting the agreement of Stalin, Hitler sent troops into the territory of Poland. In 1939, World War II began. Reaching success in fighting against France and England, in 1941, Hitler turned his troops against the Soviet Union.
At the beginning of 1930s, there was an atmosphere of gloom in Germany. The global economic crisis has hit the country and millions of people lost their jobs. Still fresh was the memory of a humiliating defeat of Germany in the First World War fifteen years ago. In addition, the Germans considered their own government too weak, the Weimar Republic.