In the United States, capital punishment is officially sanctioned by 38 of the 50 American states, and also by the federal government. The vast majority of executions are performed exactly by the states, while the federal government maintains the right to employ capital punishment also dubbed death penalty, but it does so rarely. Every state practicing capital punishment boasts different laws regarding its methods, age limits as well as crimes, which qualify. In addition to this, America appears to be second only to China in the number of executions passed, and until 2005, it was one of the few countries around the globe to employ the execution of those committed a crime as a minor.
Capital punishment appears to be a highly charged issue, including many groups as well as prominent individuals taking part in the debate. Arguments for and against it are built around on moral, practical and also emotional grounds.
Between 1973-2002, up to 7,254 death sentences were issued. It led to 820 executions. 3,557 prisoners found themselves on death row and all of them were murders. Additionally, 176 sentences were commuted by state pardon boards or governors. By the way, 2004 brought 59 executions in the USA.
Up to 67% of capital convictions are overturned, mostly on procedural grounds, though some were exonerated. By the way, 7% of those overturned during the period 1973-1995 have been found innocent. 10% were retried and also resentenced to death.
The Espy file, the most comprehensive source lists fewer than 15,000 folks executed in the USA or the country’s predecessors between 1608 - 1991. Perhaps, some people might find this figure impressive enough, but China managed to execute more in the 1990s. 4,661 executions took place in America during the period 1930–2002 with approximately 2/3 of the executions, which occurred in the first 20 years. Besides this, the US Army executed up to 160 American soldiers during the period 1930-1961. In 1849, the last US Navy execution took place.
In the USA, capital punishment was suspended between 1967-1976, following a number of decisions of the United States Supreme Court, mostly dealing with the case of Furman v. Georgia, 408 US. 238. In that case, the court considered the application of the death penalty to be unconstitutional, on the grounds of unusual and cruel punishment in violation of the eighth amendment to the United States Constitution.
In the United States, capital punishment is officially sanctioned by 38 of the 50 American states, and also by the federal government. The vast majority of executions are performed exactly by the states, while the federal government maintains the right to employ capital punishment also dubbed death penalty, but it does so rarely.