Since the early civilization, mankind has been guided by principles of sound governance exercised in a democratic world, social norms, which are the laws, governing how folks execute their duties within a societal setting and freedom of will evidenced in the way folks interact within a society. However, with the emergence of private property and power, mankind has come to deal with a slew of issues that need a philosophical approach. Rousseau and Gasset deal with these themes in their discussion on the issues of politics, democracy as well as social formation. In fact, the approaches of these two philosophers greatly vary even though they deal with similar topics. The given review explores the views of the two philosophers on the crucial concepts of civil society as well as attempts to bring out the differences in the approach of the two philosophers.
In their discussion on the society, Rousseau and Gasset mostly deal with the topics of governance in a free society, politics, and democracy. Nevertheless, the views of these two philosophers on these themes vary extensively. So, we are bound to use a detailed analysis of a bystander in order to comprehend the sources of these dissimilarities.
Rousseau views freedom of human beings in a state of nature as being inalienable from the character of a particular person. The philosopher draws this from the assumption, which in a state of nature, a person is ostensibly a physically free creature, not limited by any other. Rousseau argues too that artificial needs of today’s society never annihilate the psychological as well as the spiritual freedom that a person enjoys in state of nature. However, seeing freedom of human beings as an individualistic duty, contradicts to this observation. From his point of view, freedom appears to be a product of various circumstances. Therefore, he’s convinced that it’s these circumstances, which might act independently or in tandem to give a person freedom.
Rousseau’s perception of freedom actually translates to the kind of governance, which a society will have. In retrospect, he points out that freedom of human beings derived from the state of nature should precede the freedom of the government, existing in that society. On the contrary, Gasset argues that since freedom depends on individual circumstances of people, that’s up to the government to provide the required machinery as well as capacity to thwart the evils within that society and also provide security to people.
Since the early civilization, mankind has been guided by principles of sound governance exercised in a democratic world, social norms, which are the laws, governing how folks execute their duties within a societal setting and freedom of will evidenced in the way folks interact within a society.