Schizophrenia is a polymorphous mental confusion or group of mental disorders associated with the disintegration of thought processes and emotional reaction. Schizophrenic disorders in general are different fundamental characteristic abnormalities of thinking and appreciation, as well as inadequate or reduced affect. The most frequent manifestations of the illness are paranoid or fantastic delusions, auditory hallucinations, or disorganization of speech and thinking on the background of significant social dysfunction and impaired work capacity.
The variety of symptoms has generated debate about whether schizophrenia is single disease or represents a diagnosis, which hides a number of separate syndromes. This ambiguity was reflected when choosing a name for the disease: Bleuler used the plural, referring to the illnesses of schizophrenia.
The overall risk of the disease, according to studies, is 0.4-0.6% (4-6 cases per 1,000 people). Men and women get the disease almost equally, but women tend to have later onset of the disease.
After the US-British diagnostic study conducted in the 1971, it became clear that in the United States there are more people diagnosed with schizophrenia than in Europe.
The leader among the countries in the number of people with schizophrenia is the United States. There about 2.7 million people suffering from this disorder were recorded. Most of the victims are people from Wyoming and North Dakota.
Schizophrenia may develop slowly and imperceptibly for the patient. The first manifestations of schizophrenia typically are alienation from society, social withdrawal, emotional coldness, indifference to loved ones, and their appearance, loss of interest in things and events. There are also sleep disorders. In adolescents, the first symptoms of illness can be confused with the inherent problems of this age. A child can start study worse, not communicate with friends, become depressed or irritable, has disrupted sleep.
Schizophrenia can be an indication for the assignment of invalidity, but that decision is made by specialists of medical-social expert commission. Studies show that 70% of people with schizophrenia in the United States would like to get a job on a general basis, but only less than 15 percent of patients manage to find the job. Working and earning, people with schizophrenia may feel productive members of society. Moreover, teamwork improves social skills, while the self-isolation at home worsens negative symptoms. Working patients are advised to avoid stress and fatigue. If the patient does not work they are entitled to a financial support.
Schizophrenia is a polymorphous mental confusion or group of mental disorders associated with the disintegration of thought processes and emotional reaction. Schizophrenic disorders in general are different fundamental characteristic abnormalities of thinking and appreciation, as well as inadequate or reduced affect.