Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus appeared to be the emperor of Rome from 161 C.E. until his death in 180 C.E. The given ruler was odd one out among Roman emperors as he was particularly interested in the study as well as practice of philosophy. Another his greatest virtue was the wise administration of the empire. Apart from that, he also served as a priest to the Roman state religion. Marcus accommodated the diverse religious practices existed across the Roman empire. The impact of the early Christian Church became widespread during Marcus’ reign, though Marcus allowed severe persecutions in some provinces.
While he was young, Emperor Hadrian officially arranged his adoption by Antoninus Pius. Having become the emperor, Marcus spent most of his rule in a protracted military campaign against the northern Germanic tribes. Besides this, Marcus was definitely good at defending the Roman Empire against multiple threats on its borders. Additionally, Marcus is supposed to be the last of the Five Good Emperors. We should add that the decline of the glorious Roman Empire is thought to have started during the reign of his son Commodus.
Marcus' writings appeared to be exercises for his exclusive improvement rather than banal philosophical treatises. He was under great influence of the Stoic philosopher Epictetus as well as his Reflections and Meditations stress moral improvement, philosophical detachment, ethical citizenship, to say nothing of more generally the place of a man in the cosmic order. The given works are mostly valued as a literary expressions of virtuous public life as well as civic duty.
Historia Augusta dared to identify him in its heading as Marcus Antoninus Philosophus or Marcus Antoninus the Philosopher.
Apart from a successful political career, Marcus Aurelius appeared to be the last great Stoic author. While on campaign between 170 and 180, Marcus created his Meditations, consisting of twelve books of private reflections, originally written in Greek. Those books were devoted to the meaning of life, duty, death, cosmos, duty as well as public life. The given books aren’t organized in any particular order. They were written for his own guidance and also self-improvement. Those books depict how Stoic thought could be applied by somebody at the height of power. Additionally, the emperor was greatly influenced by the teachings of Epictetus and demonstrated sincere interest in the psychology of moral improvement.
Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus appeared to be the emperor of Rome from 161 C.E. until his death in 180 C.E. The given ruler was odd one out among Roman emperors as he was particularly interested in the study as well as practice of philosophy. Another his greatest virtue was the wise administration of the empire.