The problem of violence in school is a very broad issue requiring a more detailed consideration. One of the most common types of violence in school is a psychological one. It is a form of violence that comes out in coercion towards students on the part of teachers. Most often students face psychological violence which causes the victim's negative emotional reactions, humiliates him, lowers the child's self-esteem, increases anxiety, etc. It may affect any child, but as practice shows, these are those children who are weaker or somehow different from others. Most often victims of school violence are children with disabilities; children with specific behaviour; the so-called “home” children; children suffering from a number of diseases such as slurring of speech, dyslexia, stuttering; children with low intelligence and difficulties in learning.
Psychological violence in schools occurs in two forms. The first is the authoritarian attitude of the teacher towards the student. The second is back-breaking demands of modern learning programs. Currently, the first type of violence is an urgent problem of schools as it is considered the most dangerous for the mental health of the child.
Psychological violence in the school environment is manifested in different forms. For example, a teacher always declares his superiority, often uses sarcasm, constantly demonstrates his self-righteousness, suppresses the initiative of students, punishes for a wrong answer or kicks a student out of class. Also, the emotional state of the student can be strongly hurt if a teacher is comparing him or her with other “best” or “better” students on a regular basis. Moreover, it deeply offends a student if hearing abusive remarks about his or her appearance or manners. It is also inappropriate to use nicknames for children. To make the matter worse, the voice raised at students and discourtesy scale up the risk of student’s distress or breakdown.
It would seem that today's children, like their parents, are not afraid to make a complaint to the teacher. However, the results of the research testify about the opposite: fear is the leading motive of the children for concealment of problems arising between them and the teacher.
One of the ways out of this situation is the conscious perception of school violence as a phenomenon and knowledge about the different types of violence. This will help to pay more attention to the mental health of the teacher, follow his moral judgments and behavior. Another solution is a legal expertise, which will be a preventive barrier to all types of violence towards students.
The problem of violence in school is a very broad issue requiring a more detailed consideration. One of the most common types of violence in school is a psychological one. It is a form of violence that comes out in coercion towards students on the part of teachers.