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The Two Sides of the Battle of Wounded Knee

Wounded Knee Battle the last major armed clash between the Lakota Indians and the US Army, and one of the last battles of the Indian Wars. General Nelson Miles in his letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs described the battle as a massacre.

Lakota (also known as the Sioux) for years had been hunting the prairies of the Great Plains, when Euro-American soldiers and settlers invaded these lands. Lakota and their allies Arapaho and Cheyenne resisted for a long time. Under the leadership of the leader Red Cloud in 1866-1867 they defeated the American cavalry. Then the US government was forced to sign in 1868 the Treaty of Fort Laramie, recognizing the right of all Lakota to own large territory around the Black Hills – between the rivers of Missouri and North Platte.

However, the white man quickly broke the treaty. In the Black Hills gold was found. And the cavalry of General Custer invaded Indian lands for the protection of investigation groups. Meanwhile, European Americans systematically and massively exterminated buffalos and destroyed the basis of the traditional life of the Lakota. In 1876, war broke out again in which the Plains Indians were ultimately defeated. Two great military leaders of the Lakota – Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull – were killed.

On a cold day of December 29, 1890, in a place called Wounded Knee, 500 American soldiers of the 7th Cavalry Regiment, with four cannons, under the command of Brigadier General Forsythe, surrounded and shot three hundred Sioux headed by the leader of Big Foot. About two hundred dead were women, children and the elderly. 20 cavalrymen received for this ‘feat’ Congressional Medal of Fame. The same year the last of the Lakota were herded into concentration camps called reservations.

The battle was completely unjustified and had no serious grounds that could justify government actions. The other side of the story is that significant role in fomenting tension of Indian Affairs was played by agent Daniel F. Royer, and the American press. Royer didn’t know the Indians and was pathologically afraid of them. He saw the Ghost Dance as a purely military dance and regularly sent to the Government panic dispatches that Indians were about to start a war and the need to send troops. In response, in November, President Benjamin Harrison sent a regiment of infantry and a team of journalists. Reporters began to publish fantastic articles in the national press. As a result, the new Indian religion and mythical threat of war have become a problem of national importance.

Wounded Knee Battle the last major armed clash between the Lakota Indians and the US Army, and one of the last battles of the Indian Wars. General Nelson Miles in his letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs described the battle as a massacre.

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100001120
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CREATED ON
August 26, 2016
COMPLETED ON
August 27, 2016
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Essay Example Comments
carlokaram9816
November 8, 2016
carlokaram9816
Perfect
carlokaram9816
November 8, 2016
carlokaram9816
Great job
germanvd54
October 11, 2016
germanvd54
Good job and on time.