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The Stereotypical Role of Gender

Gender role is one of the types of social roles, a set of expected and stereotypical behavior patterns (or norms) for men and women. The role in social psychology is defined as a set of rules that determine how people should behave in a given social situation.

Gender roles, their characteristics, origin and development are discussed in the framework of various sociological, psychological and biosocial theories. The available studies suggest that gender roles are influenced by society and culture, enshrined notions and specifics of gender roles. In the course of historical development of society the content of gender roles is subject to change. The break on the conviction that men and women are by nature designed to perform specific roles was done by Margaret Mead in her book Gender and Temperament. Her observations of tribal life in New Guinea convincingly refute it. She observed that men and women played a completely different role in a tribe, sometimes opposite of gender stereotypes. One of the ideas declared by the women’s movement in 1970s consisted in the fact that traditional gender roles hinder personal development and the realization of the existing potential. This served as an impetus for the concept of Sandra Bem, which is based on the concept of androgyny, according to which any person, regardless of their biological sex, can combine the traditionally masculine and feminine qualities. There is no a certain role of men or women. Each person has a number of diverse roles such as wife, mother, student, daughter, friend, and so on.

The diversity of gender roles in different cultures and at different times suggests the hypothesis that our gender roles are formed by culture. According to the theory of Hofstede, differences in gender roles depend on the degree of gender differentiation in the cultures or the degree of masculinity or femininity of a culture. On the basis of cross-cultural research Hofstede showed that people of masculine cultures have higher achievement motivation, see the meaning of life in work and are capable to work hard. A number of cross-cultural studies have also found that the feminine culture of low power distance (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden) have a person-oriented families, which contribute to the absorption of equality in gender roles. While the cultures with a high power-distance and pronounced masculinity (Greece, Japan, Mexico) have families and are oriented o rigid gender role position. These families contribute, ultimately, to rigid differentiation of gender roles.

Gender role is one of the types of social roles, a set of expected and stereotypical behavior patterns (or norms) for men and women. The role in social psychology is defined as a set of rules that determine how people should behave in a given social situation.

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Assignment ID
100001082
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CREATED ON
August 26, 2016
COMPLETED ON
August 27, 2016
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$10
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November 19, 2016
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