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The History of Chekhov and Maupassant

Comparison of Maupassant’s and Chekhov’s creativity has long been commonplace. It’s not surprising: the roles of both writers in the history of their national literatures have much in common. They created the story as an independent and full-fledged genre, and proved that the mundane microcosm can accommodate boundlessness.

Boundlessness of Chekhov’s and Maupassant’s stories is not the way to the novel, but rather, on the contrary, an escape from it.

A comparison of the two national narrative models, which have become to a certain extent the standards for the next generation of writers, in part to this day, is justified to the full. However, such a typological analysis for half a century was largely confined to the clarification of the issue: who is better – Chekhov or Maupassant.

Originally the victory was entirely attributed to Maupassant. Eugene-Melchior de Vogue called Russian writer an imitator of Maupassant; Chekhov was a Maupassant of Russian steppes. Maupassant was senior (he was born a few decades before Chekhov); he had the reputation of Flaubert’s pupil, world fame, and belonged to the French culture, a culture of cultures.

Russian criticism that associated Chekhov and Maupassant as equivalent authors seemed rather to protect national interests, than sought to prove the truth. However, over time the situation has changed in the strongest terms. Development of Chekhov’s studios in France came from the recognition of the originality and identity of Chekhov to the discovery of identity in this new aesthetic model, which, by its opposition to the literary tradition was superior to Maupassant’s sample. Edmond Jaloux noted that Maupassant’s narrator was entirely occupied by the fact what they narrate. When reading Chekhov, we always feel the presence of something hidden behind the narration. And this hidden thing is perhaps the most important one. Briefly formulating a common opinion, we can say that Maupassant remained the writer of the 19th century, while Chekhov is the writer of the 20th century and his influence on modern literature is stronger, deeper, and more significant.

In fact, the internal emancipation of Chekhov’s prose, devoid of a forced plot and open to the world of randomness, is much closer to the art of contemporary story than a tense plot of Maupassant that as an iron hoop holds the majority of his stories.

Comparison of Maupassant’s and Chekhov’s creativity has long been commonplace. It’s not surprising: the roles of both writers in the history of their national literatures have much in common. They created the story as an independent and full-fledged genre, and proved that the mundane microcosm can accommodate boundlessness.

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100001062
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CREATED ON
August 28, 2016
COMPLETED ON
August 29, 2016
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$15
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Essay Example Comments
judy.washington4646
October 29, 2016
judy.washington4646
great job
CandiceM
October 26, 2016
CandiceM
Great Job! Will order again. Thanks!
judy.washington4646
October 24, 2016
judy.washington4646
great job