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The Life of Masaccio

Masaccio (Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone Guidi) is a great Italian Renaissance artist, nicknamed Masaccio, legislator of the Renaissance tradition, and a reformer of Quattrocento era painting.

He was born on December 21, 1401 in the family of a notary in the town of San Giovanni Valdarno. His father died when Masaccio was only five years old. His mother remarried the local pharmacist, who also died when Masaccio was 16. He came to Florence to study painting.

The real school for Masaccio was his communication with Brunelleschi and Donatello.

In 1422, Masaccio was included in the lists of members of the corporation of doctors and pharmacists, to which artists belonged too. In 1424, he became a member of the Guild of St. Luke.

The earliest work of Masaccio is considered an altarpiece Madonna and Child with St. Anne and Angels, written by him together with Masolino. In this work, one can see a generalization of transmission of the figures, desire to escape from the small details, conciseness of composite constructions and plots, majestic simplicity, and boldness of treatment to the real world.

Approximately in 1425, Masaccio was commissioned by the Carmelite monastery in Florence to write a fresco on the wall of the cloister. The plot was the consecration of the church of Santa Maria del Carmine. The fresco was painted in monochrome with the use of shades of green paint. The fresco the artist worked on for 10 months was destroyed in the restructuring of the monastery around 1600.

In the first half of the 15th century, the independent genre of painting appeared – a portrait of a secular, created by a single type: image profile busts. In this genre Masaccio wrote Portrait of a Man.

The Trinity fresco for the church of Santa Maria Novella written by Masaccio represented a new stage of his work in Florence. The first two parts of the frescoes were executed with precise mathematical calculations in a single run; the horizon line, which corresponds to the level of a viewer, created an unknown at the time illusion of reality of space, architecture, and figures. Innovation was in the laconic composition, sculptural relief forms, expressive faces, and visual characteristics of portraits.

Frescoes in the Brancacci Chapel in the Church of Santa Maria del Carmen, executed in collaboration with Masolino, represent the peak of Masaccio’s creativity. The theme of the mural was the story of the Apostle Peter; under the arch on piers Masaccio wanted to arrange the scene connected with the biblical story of the first people. Later Masolino left and Masaccio continued the painting alone, but did not complete the work and went to Rome, where he died unexpectedly in 1428.

Masaccio (Tommaso di Giovanni di Simone Guidi) is a great Italian Renaissance artist, nicknamed Masaccio, legislator of the Renaissance tradition, and a reformer of Quattrocento era painting.

He was born on December 21, 1401 in the family of a notary in the town of San Giovanni Valdarno. His father died when Masaccio was only five years old.

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100001061
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August 26, 2016
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August 27, 2016
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Essay Example Comments
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October 29, 2016
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October 26, 2016
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October 24, 2016
judy.washington4646
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