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The Amorite Empire 2000-1595 Bc

After the decentralization, which occurred during the Third Dynasty of Ur in Mesopotamia, the irrigation system fell into decline. Moreover, even several independent states emerged. In the south of Mesopotamia it was the city-state of Isin, Larsa; in the north - it was Assyria (Ashur) and Mari and Eshnunna. These states were constantly at odds with each other, civil wars lasted for decades. So, in the course of this struggle comes the rise of the city of Babylon, in the translation means the Gates of God.

Amorite dynasty reigned in Babylon. Amorites were nomads who came to Mesopotamia from the west and contributed to the collapse of the state Ur III. In 1894 BC Amorite dynasty reigned in Babylon, which was founded by Sumu-abum. 11 kings had been changed during the 300 years of existence of this state. The sixth and most famous of the kings of this dynasty was Hammurabi. He reigned for 42 years from 1792 to 1750 years BC With his name is associated the union of Mesopotamia and the creation of a centralized state. King Hammurabi has conquered all of Mesopotamia during 35 years.

Hammurabi restored the old and build new canals, dam. He built, in particular, a huge number the channels called the river of Hammurabi. Finally, Hammurabi conducted a judicial reform.

The text of Laws of Hammurabi is an example of the synthetic law because the same articles contained the rule of law and sanctions for its violation. The texts are divided into an introduction, the main text of the law and the conclusion.

At the top of the black basalt stele is the relief, which depicts Hammurabi, which is standing and praying in front of the sun god and justice Shamosh. Shamosh passes Hammurabi symbols of power. So it reflects the idea about the divine origin of royal power.

Actually, the State of Hammurabi was quite a precarious state formation, and after the death of the founder, this power begins to decrease. Already during the reign of Hammurabi's successor, Samsu-iluna, there were difficulties such as rebellious, It indicates a lack of political stability. On all sides starts the invasion of the nomadic tribes and it becomes more and more difficult to beat them.

This period ends in that at the beginning of the 16th century BC, namely, approximately in 1595, when Kassite tribes eliminated the dynasty of Hammurabi. It was at the time of the last, the eleventh ruler of this dynasty, Samsu-Dita.

After the decentralization, which occurred during the Third Dynasty of Ur in Mesopotamia, the irrigation system fell into decline. Moreover, even several independent states emerged. In the south of Mesopotamia it was the city-state of Isin, Larsa; in the north - it was Assyria (Ashur) and Mari and Eshnunna. These states were constantly at odds with each other, civil wars lasted for decades.

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100001021
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CREATED ON
August 26, 2016
COMPLETED ON
August 27, 2016
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$8
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