Often nature provides us with a mystery, solving which we can learn a lot about how these or other organisms perform, understand the essence of various natural phenomena and penetrate deep into the millennial history of the mankind. One of these secrets was the find, discovered in a melting glacier in the Ötztal Alps in 1991. It was a human body that according to scientists’ calculations had been in the glacier for 5300 years and was well preserved in comparison with other finds of ancient man remains. From that moment began numerous studies in order to solve the mystery of the iceman.
The mummy was called Ötzi by the name of the mountain valley, where it was discovered. A frozen find is also called the Similaun Man or the Tyrolean Iceman. Right after defrosting, the scientists were able to learn a lot about the life and work of this man. The latest developments allowed to analyse the structure of the tissue, bones, teeth of the Iceman, and even to determine his food ration. His body contains the traces of copper and lead, which suggests that he was dealing with the production of copper. Surprisingly, after all, these years we can also learn the occupation of that poor man. For example, many believe that the Iceman was chiefly engaged in agriculture. Besides that, it's likely that he was a hunter as evidenced by the knife clutched in the hand of the mummy. Interestingly, Ötzi died not from the cold but from the wound received in the close fight. The ice tomb has preserved the body of Ötzi so well that contemporaries are able to discover the approximate time of his death. In spring the Alps are covered with bright yellow blossoms of hop hornbeam tree the pollen from which remained on his body.
And then due to a fantastic coincidence, bad weather in the Ötztal Alps and luck made one of the best in the history operation on human body preservation.
Everyone knows that freezing is one of the best ways to preserve the tissue, substances, bacteria and cells almost in their original condition. This process is easy and complicated at the same time, as it implies a certain temperature and duration of the freezing process. So, the good condition of the mummy is due to the fact that first his body was covered with snow, allowing the body to dry before it finally froze. Meltwater and ice completed the process. A small hollow protected the lifeless remains from the grinding action of the glacier, which had been only the height of the meter above for five thousand three hundred years.
Being placed in a special glass sarcophagus functioning as a glacier, Otzi is going to reveal many more of his secrets to the scientists.
Often nature provides us with a mystery, solving which we can learn a lot about how these or other organisms perform, understand the essence of various natural phenomena and penetrate deep into the millennial history of the mankind. One of these secrets was the find, discovered in a melting glacier in the Ötztal Alps in 1991.