From 20 March to 1 May 2003 the 2003 invasion of Iraq actually lasted. It also indicated the start of the Iraq War, dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United States. The invasion included up to 21 days of key combat operations, in which a combined force of troops from the USA, Great Britain, Australia, Poland invaded this Middle East country and toppled the Ba'athist government of Saddam Hussein. The invasion phase included mostly a conventionally fought war with the capture of the Iraqi capital of Baghdad by the US troops with the implicit assistance of Great Britain alongside with Poland and Australia.
The Coalition sent up to 160,000 troops into Iraq, during the first invasion phase, lasted from 19 March to 9 April 2003. Approximately, 130,000 were sent from America alone, with 28,000 UK soldiers, while Poland and Australia sent 194 and 2,000 respectively. 36 other countries participated in the aftermath. In preparation for the invasion, about 100,000 American troops were assembled in Kuwait by 18 February. The coalition forces also obtained support from Kurdish irregulars of Iraqi Kurdistan.
According to American President George W. Bush and also British Prime Minister Tony Blair, the Coalition’s mission was to disarm Iraq of weapons of mass destruction, thus ending Saddam Hussein's support for terrorism. The extra purpose was to free the Iraqi people. Others put a greater emphasis on the impact of the 11 September 2001 attacks as well as the role it played in changing American strategic calculations, and the surge of the freedom agenda. As Blair told, the trigger was Iraq's inability to take a the final opportunity to disarm itself of alleged chemical, nuclear and also biological weapons that American and British officials dubbed an immediate as well as intolerable threat to world peace.
According to a January 2003 CBS survey, up to 64% of Americans had approved military action against Iraq, while 63% wanted Bush to find a smart diplomatic solution rather than go to war. Meanwhile, 62% were assured that the threat of terrorism directed against America would soar due to war. Additionally, the invasion of Iraq was heavily opposed by some long-standing American allies, including the governments of Germany, France and New Zealand. The leaders of those countries argued that there wasn’t any solid evidence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and invading the country wasn’t actually justified in the context of UNMOVIC's 12 February 2003 report.
From 20 March to 1 May 2003 the 2003 invasion of Iraq actually lasted. It also indicated the start of the Iraq War, dubbed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the United States.