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Talking about Peripheral Arterial Disease

Peripheral arterial disease or PAD for short, also dubbed peripheral vascular disease appears to be a common condition, which affects up to 20% of Americans aged 65 or older. PAD develops mostly as a result of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries, occurring when cholesterol as well as scar tissue build up, thus forming a substance dubbed plaque inside the arteries.

The clogged arteries provoke decreased blood flow to the legs, and it can result in pain when walking, and even gangrene with amputation. Considering atherosclerosis is a systemic health disorder, affecting the body as a whole, folks with PAD are likely to boast blocked arteries in other areas of their body. Therefore, those with PAD are at increased risk for aortic aneurysm, heart disease and stroke. PAD appears to a marker for hypertension, diabetes as well as other dangerous conditions. By the way, PAD might be also provoked by blood clots.

Symptoms

  • The most common symptom of peripheral arterial disease is known as intermittent claudication, that is painful cramping in the leg or hip, taking place when walking or exercising and it disappears when the patient stops his or her activity.
  • Tingling, numbness and weakness in the lower legs and feet
  • Aching or burning pain in feet or toes when resting
  • Sore on foot or leg which won’t heal
  • Cold feet or legs
  • Color change in skin of feet or legs
  • Loss of hair on legs
  • Have pain in the legs or feet, which awakens the patient at night

Many people are used to living with this pain, simply assuming that’s a normal part of aging, rather than reporting it to the corresponding medical specialist.

Prevalence

  • PAD appears to be a disease of the arteries, affecting 10 million Americans
  • PAD can happen to anybody, regardless of age, and that’s most commonly seen in men and women aged 50 or so

Risk factors

Those who are at highest risk for this disease are:

  • Smokers
  • Diabetic
  • Over age 50
  • Overweight
  • High cholesterol, high lipid blood test or high blood pressure
  • Inactive
  • A family history of vascular disease, including PAD, heart attack, aneurysm or stroke

Diagnosis

The ankle-brachial index or ABI appears to be the most common test for PAD. That’s an absolutely painless exam, where ultrasound is employed to measure the overall ratio of blood pressure in the feet as well as arms. Based on the results of an ABI and also the patient’s symptoms and also risk factors for PAD the doctor can decide if further tests are required. PAD can also be diagnosed noninvasively with an imaging technique known as called magnetic resonance angiography or MRA or with computed tomography angiography.

Peripheral arterial disease or PAD for short, also dubbed peripheral vascular disease appears to be a common condition, which affects up to 20% of Americans aged 65 or older. PAD develops mostly as a result of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries, occurring when cholesterol as well as scar tissue build up, thus forming a substance dubbed plaque inside the arteries.

Assignment ID
100000978
Type
CREATED ON
1 August 2016
COMPLETED ON
2 August 2016
Price
$45
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