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The Biography of Bertolt Brecht

Bertolt Brecht was the German writer, born on February 10, 1898 in Augsburg in the family of a paper mill director. In 1908-1917, he studied in the local school, where he began to write poetry. In 1914-1915, he published his first stories in the newspaper.

After graduating from school, Brecht enters the Medical Faculty of the University of Munich. In 1919, he met with Lion Feuchtwanger and became the member of the Munich theater troupe. In 1922, two of his plays Baal and Drums in the Night were shown on the stage of Kammerspiele theater. Both plays combine satirical polemic with expressionism, reflecting Brecht’s strongly individualistic views.

In 1924, he moved to Berlin and became a member of the Deutsches Theater. In the play Mann ist Mann the features of Brecht’s epic theater was first heard. The principles of epic theater were developed in Jaroslav Hašek’s novel The Good Soldier Švejk and in Brecht’s The Threepenny Opera, where he organically connected entertainment and edification. During those years, Brecht turned to socialism, and in 1932 he staged Gorky’s play Mother. In 1933, after Hitler came to power, he immigrated first to Austria and then in Switzerland, France, Denmark, Finland and, finally, in 1941 in the US.

In exile, Brecht wrote the most significant of his plays: Mother Courage and Her Children, Fear and Misery of the Third Reich, The Good Person of Szechwan, Life of Galileo, and The Caucasian Chalk Circle. The main idea of these works is the need to fight against an obsolete world order.

In 1947, Brecht went to Switzerland, and a year later returned to Berlin, where he lived until the end of his days. He organized a new theater – Berliner Ensemble, where he staged most of his plays. In addition to plays, Brecht created a considerable number of poems, short stories, and novels ThreePenny Novel andThe Business Affairs of Mr. Julius Caesar.

Since the second half of the 1920s, Brecht has been active in social and political activities. He wrote journalistic articles, participated in international congresses of the Left in Paris, Valencia, Madrid, and Berlin. In 1951, he was elected a member of the World Peace Council and in 1953 he became the head German PEN Club. In 1954, he became the winner of the International Lenin Peace Prize.

General fatigue was evident already in the spring of 1955: Brecht greatly aged, being 57 years old he walked, leaning on a cane. In May, when going to Moscow, he made a will, in which he asked his coffin not to be publicly exhibited, and not to say any farewell words over the grave. Five minutes before midnight on August 14, Brecht died.

Bertolt Brecht was the German writer, born on February 10, 1898 in Augsburg in the family of a paper mill director. In 1908-1917, he studied in the local school, where he began to write poetry. In 1914-1915, he published his first stories in the newspaper.

After graduating from school, Brecht enters the Medical Faculty of the University of Munich.

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Assignment ID
100000970
Type
CREATED ON
July 25, 2016
COMPLETED ON
July 26, 2016
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$13
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Essay Example Comments
KMJ Wright
December 7, 2016
KMJ Wright
Excellent paper! The writer followed directions perfectly; finished in advance. Thank you
georgyaborova61
December 4, 2016
georgyaborova61
The assignment was finished before the deadline, but did not have all requirements completed. I asked to revise and was still missing some requirements.
virat kohli
November 25, 2016
virat kohli
good