Modern educational environment is a reflection of all the features typical to modern civilization, globalization and migration. The two processes largely determine the specifics of modern educational conditions. Thus there is an increasing importance of cross-cultural research focused on comparative analysis of the characteristics and specificity of all participants in the educational process. Specifics of socialization and inculturation in various cultures leads to significant differences of students, which are manifested in the education process: in different ethnic cultures there are different relationships between students, between a student and a teacher, kids’ reaction to the praise and grades, attitude towards learning, attitudes of parents to the success of the children.
Cross-cultural researches are directed at identifying the general and specific characteristics of students to create appropriate methods and techniques of learning, implementation of individual approach in educational practice.
Researches related to the preschool age are of particular relevance recently. The problems in these studies are various: how preschool children perceive and evaluate racial differences; what ethno-cultural and socio-cultural conditions affect the formation of readiness of children to school; what criteria parents of different ethnic cultures use to evaluate the effectiveness of pre-school education; what is the specificity of the interaction in different cultures between a teacher and a pupil and between a mother and a child. These problems, their analysis and solutions can improve the effectiveness of the educational process in the contemporary socio-cultural conditions.
For example, Katherine D. Kinzler and Elizabeth S. Spelkeb have questioned whether children prefer people of other races and if so, what it depends on. The experiment by the authors demonstrates social preferences of children based on language, and race.
Jessica Johnson De Feyter and Adam Winsler considered early competence related to the development and readiness to school of children from low-income immigrant families: the effect of origin, ethnicity and nationality.
In general, the analysis of the articles and the results obtained by the scientists showed that the changes in the structure of the adaptive behavior of children reflect the regulatory requirements of the ethnic culture and aim to adapt the behavior of the children to the system of social relations and relations in which they are included.
Modern educational environment is a reflection of all the features typical to modern civilization, globalization and migration. The two processes largely determine the specifics of modern educational conditions.