The fabulous epic of Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings is a complex art system, which combines the features of the heroic epic, fairy tale and fiction novel. Figurative system of Lord of the Rings goes back to a mythological and novel structure, and includes a large number of characters, many of which are complex symbols that embody main forces of Good and Evil. Moreover, not only the images of characters, but also their names carry a deep meaning.
German, Scandinavian and Celtic epics are the result of self-processing by new social consciousness of local folklore, which goes back to the myth. Kalevala, Poetic Edda, Icelandic sagas, Beowulf, The Death of Arthur had a great influence on the work of Tolkien. It is possible to draw parallels between such characters of the work as Aragorn, Gandalf, Sauron, and, accordingly, medieval Arthur, Merlin, Morgana, Mordred, with noticeable similarities of Arthurian schemes. Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings has a connection with several versions of the legend of the treasure of the Nibelung, which allows drawing a parallel with Tolkien’s poetics of symbolism and The Song of the Nibelung and Poetic Edda.
In accordance with the artistic conception Tolkien tried to create a modern mythology for England. But he did not intend to imitate ready models; he wanted to create something peculiar to England. Tolkien believed that the British didn’t have enough of their own myths, and as myths represent space information, Tolkien considered it an unacceptable omission. Based on the fact that people have lost the ability to respond to this space information received by us from our ancestors, Tolkien wanted to remind about it to his readers. Tolkien’s opinion that a man through myths is connected with the cosmos is confirmed, for example, in the works of Claude Levi-Strauss.
The name of the protagonist of the trilogy, Frodo, is related to the general context name system, available in German mythology and epics. Interestingly, the pan-European ethnological myth of the Scandinavians was associated with Freyr – God of abundance. Frodo is diminutive of Freyr.
Influence of Scandinavian and Germanic mythology on the formation of Tolkien’s aesthetics and artistic method is a recognized fact established in the works of many researchers. Not only the names, but also the role of Freyr and Frodo to people is similar. Drawing a parallel between Freyr’s features and Frodo’s traits and actions, we can see their similarities. Freyr as Frodo is loved by people; both of them served their people until the end: Freyr to Scandinavians and Frodo to hobbits.
The fabulous epic of Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings is a complex art system, which combines the features of the heroic epic, fairy tale and fiction novel. Figurative system of Lord of the Rings goes back to a mythological and novel structure, and includes a large number of characters, many of which are complex symbols that embody main forces of Good and Evil.