The surviving works of Aristotle relate mainly to the period of his teaching in the Lyceum, but they kept the idea and direct passages from earlier works, which testifies to the integrity of his views known after leaving the Academy. Many fragments of works belonging to the first, platonic period of development, of the philosopher (during and immediately after his apprenticeship in the Academy of Plato) preserved. The question of the chronological sequence of the works of Aristotle is extremely difficult, since they bear the imprint of time difference. However, no doubt that the earlier works imbued with Platonism. The fragmentary preserved dialogue Eudemus or On the Soul contains evidence of the immortality of the soul, similar to the arguments of Plato’s Phaedo. Following the teachings of Plato about the soul, Aristotle declares the soul is the form (eidos), and therefore praises those, who see it as a location of ideas.
Another major early work of Aristotle has come down to us in a large number of fragments – Protrepticis (Exhortation, a popular genre of philosophical works, inviting to the study of philosophy and motivating to the contemplative life). In this work, still sharing a Platonic theory of ideas, Aristotle appeals to the contemplative life and considers thinking the highest good. He uses the word in its Platonic philosophical meaning – penetration of the philosophical mind in the ultimate reality – the world of ideas. Subsequently, the term has come to mean simply the worldly wisdom.
Only in the work On the Philosophy, which some researchers attribute to the second period of Aristotle’s creativity, significant deviations from the teachings of Plato can be found.
Among the other Aristotle’s works are Categories, Analysts, Physics in 8 books, On the Soul in 3 books, On Memory and Recollection, The Life and Death, Parts of Animals, Problems (deals with diverse questions of physiology and medicine, mathematics, optics, and music), Metaphysics in 14 books, Politics in 8 books, The Art of Rhetoric in 3 books, On Poetry, and many others.
Almost all the works of Aristotle have miraculously preserved. After the death of the philosopher they were given to Theophrastus, and then to his disciple. Prior to the 1st AD, they have been in the underground stacks and then were kept in the library of Apellicon of Teos in Athens. Then they were in Rome, where they were published by the then Peripatetic Andronicus of Rhodes.
The very list of Aristotle’s works shows his encyclopedic learning. They not only cover all the areas of knowledge, but also make the initial classification, when special sciences were allocated from the philosophy.
The surviving works of Aristotle relate mainly to the period of his teaching in the Lyceum, but they kept the idea and direct passages from earlier works, which testifies to the integrity of his views known after leaving the Academy.