Nuclear weapon is the most lethal ever created type of weapon: it kills and maims anyone, who gets in the radius of its actions, and the deadly effects of its application persist for many decades. This is the only weapon invented by people that can completely destroy life on the planet, and the arsenals of it that are available today can let do that repeatedly. The importance of the problem of nuclear weapons is almost equivalent to the problem of climate change, and in view of the potential impact is much more relevant.
Until at least one state will possess nuclear weapons, other countries will also seek to take possession of it. As long as there is at least one unit of such weapons, there is the likelihood that one day it will be used – by accident, miscalculation, or by malice – and any such use would be catastrophic. Fortunately, so far the world managed to avoid this catastrophe.
The status quo cannot be regarded as an acceptable option. Threats and risks associated with the failure to persuade the nuclear powers to disarm, to prevent the acquisition of nuclear weapons by new countries, prevent access to such weapons by any terrorist group, as well as to ensure proper control over the rapid development of civil nuclear energy, will not tolerate inaction. These issues must be addressed much more forcefully and effectively than before by the international community.
Twenty years after the end of the Cold War there are at least 23,000 nuclear warheads in the world, the total explosive power of which is equivalent to 150,000 bombs dropped on Hiroshima. The United States and Russia together have over 22,000 warheads, while France, the United Kingdom, China, India, Pakistan, and Israel together possess about 1,000 warheads.
In recent years, the system of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is experiencing serious difficulties in the implementation of inspections, compliance and enforcement of arrangements, and in the most volatile regions of the world – with regression.
Crucial meaning in resistance of atomic menace lies in final change of perceptions about the role and use of nuclear weapons. If once it had occupied a central place in strategic thinking it should now be regarded as something completely unnecessary. Against all the hackneyed arguments in favor of retaining nuclear weapons – whether it is a deterrent or some other justification – there are also a lot of counter arguments.
The position of some states is unjustified and unfounded – they claim that nuclear weapons are necessary, legal and unlimited guarantee of their own safety and their allies, but that others do not have any right to acquire such weapons for its own security interests.
Nuclear weapon is the most lethal ever created type of weapon: it kills and maims anyone, who gets in the radius of its actions, and the deadly effects of its application persist for many decades. This is the only weapon invented by people that can completely destroy life on the planet, and the arsenals of it that are available today can let do that repeatedly.