Depression is a very complex disease. It appears for various reasons. Some people suffer from depression because of a serious physical illness. Others suffer after certain life events – moving to another city, or death of a loved one. A hereditary factor also plays an important role in the predisposition to the disease. In addition, people who, without any apparent reason, tend to feel depressed and lonely are predisposed to depression.
Risk groups of those who are prone to depression were listed in the publication Medical Daily by Dr. Moe Gelbart, an executive director of the Chemical Dependency Research Center at Torrance Memorial Medical Center (USA).
Recent studies have found that transsexuals and transgender people are the most prone to depression: they are even attributed to the category of minority stress. Such people are more likely to suffer among other sexual minorities from the stress caused by the hostile attitude of homophobes. Transsexuals in the study showed more symptoms of clinical depression, high levels of anxiety, and somatization.
Transgender people are followed by teenagers from military families. As it turned out, they often suffer from such manifestations of depression as hopelessness, apathy, and more often think about suicide than their peers from families of civilians. Adults in military are also predisposed to depression to a greater extent than those in peace professions.
The military is followed by creative individuals. It is not surprising as Charles Dickens, Tennessee Williams, Eugene O’Neill, Ernest Hemingway, Tolstoy and Virginia Woolf suffered from clinical depression. Their contemporary colleagues often cannot obtain the necessary family or social support, and consequently often fall into a depression.
Experts also say that people who are prone to depression have a different brain structure. Shares of the brain of such people tend to wrap around each other. Also, people who are prone to depression have a reduced brain size and a size of the hippocampus area, which is responsible for memory function.
In a study aimed at examination of the features of the structure of the brain, transcranial magnetic stimulation was carried out as a treatment for depression. To understand exactly what areas are affected, specialists conducted stimulations, which showed changes in brain structure. Experts analyzed 51 people with depression, and 48 participants who have never experienced it. About 35% people with depression had evidence of abnormalities.
The study’s author says that the analysis has confirmed guesses. Patients with depression have a decrease in electrical activity in the neck.
Depression is a very complex disease. It appears for various reasons. Some people suffer from depression because of a serious physical illness. Others suffer after certain life events – moving to another city, or death of a loved one. A hereditary factor also plays an important role in the predisposition to the disease.