Roman art is the highest achievement and the result of the development of ancient art. It was created not only by the Romans, but also by ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and residents of Iberian Peninsula, Gaul, Germany, and other ancient peoples, conquered by Rome that sometimes were on a higher stage of cultural development. Roman architecture has developed on the basis of the complex interpenetration of original art of local Italic tribes, especially the powerful Etruscans, the ancient owners of advanced original culture. They introduced the Romans to the art of town planning (different versions of the arches, the Tuscan order, engineering buildings, temples, residential houses, etc.), monumental wall paintings, sculptures and picturesque portraits.
The latitude of urban developments distinguishes the Roman architecture. By accepting rationally organized, rigorous planning from the Etruscans and the Greeks, the Romans perfected it and embodied in the cities of greater magnitude. This plan met the conditions of life: trade of vast dimensions, the spirit of militarism and harsh discipline, attraction to entertainment and ostentation. Roman cities took into account the needs of the free population. The main streets with colonnades, arches, and monuments were built here.
Ancient Rome gave mankind the true cultural environment: well-designed and comfortable cities with cobbled roads, bridges, libraries, buildings, archives, palaces, villas, and just good houses.
In Roman art of heyday, architecture played a leading role. Monuments built in Ancient Rome still conquer everyone with their power. The Romans laid the foundation for a new era of world architecture, in which the principal place belonged to public facilities, embodied the ideas of powerful state and made for the enormous number of people.
In the whole ancient world, Roman architecture has no equal in height of engineering, manifold types of structures, richness of composite forms, and scale construction. The Romans introduced the engineering structures (aqueducts, bridges, roads, harbors, fortresses) as the architectural sites in urban, rural and landscape ensemble.
The beauty and power of Roman architecture are disclosed in reasonable expediency, in logic structure of buildings, in exact proportions and scale, laconic of architectural resources, but not in the lush decoration.
Roman society needs gave rise to many types of structures: amphitheaters, baths, triumphal arches, aqueducts, etc. The Romans gave a new architectural design to palaces, mansions, villas, theaters, churches, bridges, gravestones, etc.
Roman art is the highest achievement and the result of the development of ancient art. It was created not only by the Romans, but also by ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and residents of Iberian Peninsula, Gaul, Germany, and other ancient peoples, conquered by Rome that sometimes were on a higher stage of cultural development.