Antony Van Leeuwenhoek was born October 24, 1623 in the Dutch city of Delft. His childhood was not easy. He didn’t receive any education. His father gave his son to teachings to the clothiers. Then Leeuwenhoek was a cashier and accountant in one of the commercial establishments in Amsterdam. Later he served as a watchman in Court of Justice in the hometown. Leeuwenhoek became famous due to his unusual hobby.
As a young man Antony learned to make magnifying glasses. At the time, the most powerful lens magnified the image only in twenty times. Microscope of Leeuwenhoek magnified things in 250-300 times. Such strong magnifying lenses at the time were completely unknown. Magnifying glass created by Leeuwenhoek was very small and it was difficult to use them. But, despite this, Leeuwenhoek’s observations were very accurate. In 1673, Dr. Graaf sent a letter to the Secretary of the Royal Society, informing about an inventor Antony van Leeuwenhoek living in the Netherlands, a manufacturer of microscopes that were better than those known at the time. Royal Society contacted Leeuwenhoek.
A self-taught scientist made many important discoveries. For fifty years, the researcher discovered more than two hundred species of tiny organisms. Leeuwenhoek really made great discoveries in biology.
Leeuwenhoek was one of the most prominent researchers of nature. He first noticed that the blood moves in the capillaries, proving that this was not some homogeneous liquid as it was thought by his contemporaries, but a living stream, in which a great number of tiny particles move.
In the seminal fluid he first saw the sperm. Looking under his magnifying glass at thin plates of meat, Leeuwenhoek discovered that meat, and more specifically, the muscles, consist of microscopic fibrils.
In 1673, Leeuwenhoek was the first man, who saw microbes. He was among the first who started to conduct experiments on himself and also tested the effects of drugs.
In 1680, the scientific world has officially recognized the achievements of Leeuwenhoek and elected him a full and equal member of the Royal Society, despite the fact that he did not know Latin and could not be regarded as a real scientist. Later, he was admitted to the French Academy of Sciences. Many famous people came to Delft to look into the wonderful lens. Leeuwenhoek’s letters to the Royal Society, the scientists, political and public figures of his time – Leibniz, Robert Hooke, Christiaan Huygens – were published in Latin language during his life and took up four volumes. The last came in 1722, when Leeuwenhoek was 90 years old, a year before his death.
Antony Van Leeuwenhoek was born October 24, 1623 in the Dutch city of Delft. His childhood was not easy. He didn’t receive any education. His father gave his son to teachings to the clothiers. Then Leeuwenhoek was a cashier and accountant in one of the commercial establishments in Amsterdam. Later he served as a watchman in Court of Justice in the hometown.