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Marital Traditions of Islam and Judaism

Since ancient times, Judaism defines marriage as the ideal state of human existence. A man without a wife or a woman without a husband is regarded by the Jewish community as a defective personality.

According to Jewish traditions, the concept of proposal is defined as a mutual promise of a man and a woman to marry in the foreseeable future and the timing within which the marriage is to be concluded. Such a promise can be given by future spouse, their parents or other relatives. Engagement does not affect the personal status of the parties, and does not give either party the right to require performance of any obligations.

The Hebrew wedding consists of two main phases: the engagement ceremony and the marriage ceremony.

After the engagement, the interpersonal status of the couple changed, however, it was legally enshrined only the second after the ceremony of marriage. In the old days (according to the Talmud), these two stages were separated by a year. During this time, the bride continues to live with her parents until an official wedding ceremony is held, which is traditionally conducted in a separate room or a tent set by a fiancé.

Modern Israel does not allow entering into polygamous marriages. But at the same time, those Jews who have already entered a polygamous marriage get Israeli citizenship without problems, and their marriages with the second and subsequent wives have legal force with all its attendant consequences.

Marriage in Islam, Nikah, is a union between a man and a woman. In order for the marriage to be valid several conditions must be fulfilled. The spouse must be an adult Muslim and not fall under the category of mahram. Men are allowed to marry only a Muslim, a Christian and a Jew.

Marriage consists of several stages: betrothal; matchmaking; transfer of the bride into the groom’s house; wedding; actual entry into marriage. The essential requirements for the marriage are the consent to the marriage, the presence of witnesses, the payment of the mahr, maintenance and good treatment of the wife with her performance of marital duties and the taking care of children.

Marriage is considered to be pleasing to God, and as such is allowed to every Muslim. In Islam, it is recommended that a husband and a wife are of similar age and social status. When getting married for the first time, the consent of a bride is not required – father’s or guardian’s consent is sufficient. A widow or a divorced woman can agree to a marriage herself through a proxy.

The number of wives in Islam is limited to four. Temporary marriage is forbidden in Sunni, but is fully recognized by law in Shiites. Marriages for the purpose of return to a husband after the third divorce is forbidden.

Since ancient times, Judaism defines marriage as the ideal state of human existence. A man without a wife or a woman without a husband is regarded by the Jewish community as a defective personality.

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Assignment ID
100000727
Type
CREATED ON
30 July 2016
COMPLETED ON
1 August 2016
Price
$25
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Essay Example Comments
sklarewm7
15 November 2017
sklarewm7
AWESOME
sklarewm7
15 November 2017
sklarewm7
writer did the work on time and got a good grade.
indiawebster4
13 November 2017
indiawebster4
great job