Time Machine is the first book by Wells, which he wrote in 1895 after a number of journalistic articles. Its significance for him, and most importantly for the development of science of the next century cannot be overestimated. The author has developed time travel idea and presented it to readers in a final form that all further relativistic fantasies went beyond the scope outlined by the English writer.
For the first time, the novel was published in the journal New Review in January-May 1895, entitled The Story of a Traveler in Time. In May the same year, the name of the work changed to The Time Machine, and was released as a book in Britain and the United States.
In the novel, Wells portrays a travel in time of a man when the science was based on a linear interpretation, because the first discoveries of the relativity of time on mutual Chronos and topos date to the early 20th century.
The novel takes the reader to the ninth millennium. The main character (Time Traveler) takes flight on a time machine he designed and synthesized into the future. He imagines a future world happy and joyful, however, down on earth he sees a contradiction between those who work in sweat (Morlocks), and those who live the fruits of the labor of others (Eloi). Both have degraded. Every night, rising to the surface of the ground, where they work in the mines, Morlocks drink blood of Eloi, satisfying hunger. Unlike other science fiction writers, supporters of technological progress, Wells did not predict a bright future of mankind; he didn’t depict how happy humans are on the Earth. He came to a pessimistic conclusion about the inevitable degeneration of the human species, the threat of exhaustion and hopelessness of civilization on the Earth. He emphasizes the need to change the imperfect world order, or people are threatened by degradation and death. The Time traveler sees the entire decline of the once mighty civilization. Nothing in primitive successors of earthlings reminds of a development of species that lasted hundreds of years.
Despite gloomy and black colors Wells uses, describing the future of the mankind, he also manages to image a rather sentimental and pure love of time traveler’s adventure. It ends with the tragic death of a helpless woman and sweet victory of courageous and intelligent scholar over the degenerate descendants, his return in his time.
The novel brought to Wells his first success and opened the science fiction genre in the world, which was destined to become one of the most popular in the 20th century.
Subsequent novels of the writer were created in the same ideological and thematic and genre-stylistic field.
Time Machine is the first book by Wells, which he wrote in 1895 after a number of journalistic articles. Its significance for him, and most importantly for the development of science of the next century cannot be overestimated.