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Freedom of the Colleges and Universities

Academic freedoms are principles according to which freedom of research for students, researchers and teaching staff of higher education institutions and research organizations is need to fulfill their mission. Since the schools are able to control the flow of information, they are often subjected to outside pressure, for example, from the state. When scientists try to spread ideas or information about the facts, uncomfortable for the authorities or certain political groups, they may be subject to a public reproach, dismissals, imprisonment or even the death penalty. For example, when in North Africa, a professor of medicine found that the statistics of infant mortality is actually higher than the government says he lost his job and ended up in prison.

The international association Academy for academic freedom formulated two basic principles of freedom:

  • Full freedom to raise any questions and seek truth, including about controversial and unpopular opinions, even if the point of view hurts anybody, is allowed both inside and outside the educational institution or research organization.
  • Educational institutions and research organizations have no right to restrict academic freedom for its staff, and also use their public statements as a reason for disciplinary action or dismissal.

Of course, academic freedom has its limits. In the US, in accordance with the Statement of principles of academic freedom and academic career in 1940, professors limited the ability to disseminate information, not related to professional activities. In the public speeches it is allowed to express personal opinion without regard to the position of leadership, but it should at the same time specify that the speaker makes a statement on one’s own behalf and not on behalf of the institution. Academic career also should depend solely on the professional solvency and the dismissal may be due either to incompetence or misconduct, sparking protests of the entire faculty.

According to the German academic tradition, professors can promote among students a personal perspective and philosophical views. However, off-campus distribution of their views is not desirable or even prohibited. The teaching professor is not limited and is not bound by any officially approved program or schedule.

In France, like all civil servants, a professor of educational institution or researcher must adhere to a neutral point of view and during the performance of their duties do not detect any political or religious views. However, the academic freedom of university professors is confirmed by the law and the Constitutional Council of France.

Academic freedoms are principles according to which freedom of research for students, researchers and teaching staff of higher education institutions and research organizations is need to fulfill their mission. Since the schools are able to control the flow of information, they are often subjected to outside pressure, for example, from the state.

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Assignment ID
100000701
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CREATED ON
July 9, 2016
COMPLETED ON
July 10, 2016
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$14
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Essay Example Comments
elain
June 19, 2015
elain
Perfect as usual
JackDaniels
June 19, 2015
JackDaniels
Finished before the deadline with excellent quality! A pleasure to work with you! Thanks!
fiddlecovexD
June 19, 2015
fiddlecovexD
Awesome paper, good communications, followed all the directions I gave. 5/5!!