Construction of the Great Wall of China began in the 4th century B.C., about the same time when 4 Chinese kingdoms were in need of protection from potential attacks of the barbarians. Fearing the expansion of the Chinese people, large kingdom of Qin, Wei, Yan and Zhao began the building. During this period, the individual pieces of the wall were gradually fused together and eventually merged into one complete and powerful state, secured by a huge and impenetrable wall.
During the government of the Han Dynasty, the wall height has been increased to Dunhuang in the west of the country. In addition, on top of it a full line of watchtowers was installed to better track action of potential invaders.
The building of the Great Wall lasted more than 10 years. More than one million people were involved in the construction.
In the 17th century, during the reign of the Manchurian Qing dynasty the Great Wall started to get ruined, as nobody took care of it. For more than two hundred years, the Great Wall was being destroyed because of the banal indifference; vandalism has worsened the situation.
The reconstruction of the Wall was done during Deng Xiaoping, who in 1984 began the restoration of the construction in order to preserve it as a cultural heritage.
The Great Wall of China is one of the major landmarks, which length is almost 9,000 kilometers along the northern edge of China. According to recent estimates, the total length of the Wall, taking into account all possible branches, is about 21,000 kilometers.
The Wall is a universal construction fortress, erected according to the unique technology of ancient China. The main purpose of the Great Wall was not to allow the enemy to the territory of the kingdom, and the provision of the ability to keep watch for potential invaders.
In 1987, the architectural monument was included in the UNESCO World Heritage list.
It is not a surprise that this magnificent building gets a lot of attention from tourists. More than 40 million people annually visit China only in order to visit the Great Wall of China, to pass along the northern border of China, and enjoy the local flavor. The Chinese annually arrange athletics marathon on the Wall.
The Great Wall of China is a unique structure. And, despite the fact that it is located in China, it is a truly global domain.
Construction of the Great Wall of China began in the 4th century B.C., about the same time when 4 Chinese kingdoms were in need of protection from potential attacks of the barbarians. Fearing the expansion of the Chinese people, large kingdom of Qin, Wei, Yan and Zhao began the building.