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An Economic Analysis on One Child Policy

The policy of one child per family is China’s demographic policy. China was forced by law to limit family size in the 1970s, when it became clear that a huge number of people overloaded the land, water and energy resources of the country. Today, the average number of children born per woman living in China decreased from 5.8 to 1.8.

This policy, which lasted for decades, allowed many families have only one child, but there were exceptions. According to Chinese authorities, it has prevented the birth of approximately 400 million children, although this figure is controversial. In 2007, China declared that only 36% of citizens had one child because of the various changes in this policy.

As at the end of 1970, China’s population approached one billion, the government was concerned about how it would affect the ambitions of economic growth.

Although by that time, there had already been implemented other family planning programs, but the Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping decided that serious actions were needed for the reduction of birth rate. One-child policy was implemented in 1979.

Government was implementing this policy by providing those who adhered to, financial and employment promotion, as well as making contraception widely available. Those who broke the rules were fined. Sometimes forced abortions and mass sterilization was used. This policy was implemented especially strictly in cities.

By the end of the 1990s an effective birth control began to bring tangible results. Families with one child took care of the education of kids; as a result, the level of education in China has increased significantly.

However, there were less girls born, leaving tens of millions of Chinese men with difficulty in creating a complete family, which indirectly affected the growth of homosexual relations among Chinese young people.

In 2013, the rules changed: couples, where one of the parents is an only child, were allowed to have a second child. Preliminary weakening of rules in 1980 allowed families in the countryside to have a second child if their first-born was a girl.

Experts have warned that China would be the first economy that will grow old before getting rich, mainly due to the one-child policy. In 2050, more than a quarter of people in the country will be over 65 years old.

The fertility rate in China is one of the lowest in the world and well below the level needed to replace the population in a generation. Aging will slow down Chinese economy, when the number of young workers will be reduced and the ratio between the taxpayers and pensioners will continue to fall.

The policy of one child per family is China’s demographic policy. China was forced by law to limit family size in the 1970s, when it became clear that a huge number of people overloaded the land, water and energy resources of the country. Today, the average number of children born per woman living in China decreased from 5.8 to 1.8.

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Assignment ID
100000586
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CREATED ON
July 11, 2016
COMPLETED ON
July 12, 2016
Price
$24
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