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Explication of John Donne’s The Flea

John Donne belongs to the galaxy of poets-metaphysicians, to be exact he is the head of this group of poets. He is one of the most important representatives of this poetic literary movement. Donne’s poetic discoveries gave birth to a whole new trend in England: the so-called metaphysical poetry.

Donne applied to the genres of love poetry. He continued to write poems about love in the first two decades of the 17th century. The Flea is the first edition of the poem of the cycle in 1635, which reinterprets the common motif in the erotic poetry of the 16th century: the poet envies the flea that touches the body of his beloved. Donne makes a flea to bite not only a girl, but also the main character, making the insect a symbol of carnal union.

The first stanza of the poem is the exposition of the situation and the theme: the heroine refuses to give to the poet that she refuses to give even to the flea. The second stanza is the development of the metaphor: the flea is the temple and the bed of lovers; even though the heroine and her parents are unhappy, the meeting of lovers happened in the abdomen of a flea. In fact, the metaphor is exhausted. The poet, who belonged to a generation of senior Elizabethans and would have stopped at this point. However Donne goes on: after killing the flea, she will end with the poet, but it is not necessary to enclose a suicide to it, and it would be sacrilege triple murder of three sinners.

There is an additional meaning in front of the reader, a step aside, when the subject of connection of lovers is replaced by the theme of the murder/suicide of the beloved and moral prohibition. And there is another development of the story: brutal and merciless girl’s nail is stained with blood of an innocent creature; but neither the girl nor the poet weakened because of that bite. The poet tells the girl to prove her false concerns, saying that her honor will bear no much damage from him like the death of the flea damaged her life in no way. Donne circles the poem, returning to the initial premise, but at a different level. All shine wit in the second stanza was necessary for him to see the situation from a completely different angle, to overturn it.

The paradoxical metaphor here forms the backbone, structuring a poem, which allows the poet to make a number of derogations and at the same time remain within the given topic, freely building up around it additional meanings from the domestic situation to ultimate questions of being (in this case, the subject of suicide. This is done in order to see the truth of what is happening multidimensionality. This new specific usage of metaphors was the main discovery of metaphysical poets.

John Donne belongs to the galaxy of poets-metaphysicians, to be exact he is the head of this group of poets. He is one of the most important representatives of this poetic literary movement. Donne’s poetic discoveries gave birth to a whole new trend in England: the so-called metaphysical poetry.

Donne applied to the genres of love poetry.

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100000496
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CREATED ON
July 9, 2016
COMPLETED ON
July 10, 2016
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$36
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Essay Example Comments
williamradii4966
December 9, 2016
williamradii4966
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danielkdf128
December 9, 2016
danielkdf128
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danielkdf128
December 9, 2016
danielkdf128
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