Briefly, the history of Russia begins with the ancient times, the way of life of the ancient Slavs, education and development of the ancient Russian state (9 12 centuries). In the 7th 13th centuries, in Russia was a period of disunity, the disintegration of Russia into separate principalities and the struggle for Kiev between the princely dynasties. The adoption of Christianity was an important event in Russia. The 13th century in Russian history is marked by foreign invasions, including the Golden Horde.
In the second half of the 15th beginning of 16th century, the formation of the centralized Russian state happened. An important period in the history of Russia is the reign of Ivan IV, who adopted many reforms. Ivan IV also marked the beginning of serfdom. The period of the reign of Ivan IV led to the Time of Troubles, which is characterized by the ambiguity of power. This was the time when Boris Godunov died and False Dmitry I ascended to the throne. He had a support from the Poles and the Cossacks. He was killed by disgruntled nobles. After him, Basil Shuystky ascended to the throne. During his reign there was a Bolotnikov revolt, after which False Dmitry II came to the throne. After that, the power in Russia was led by the boyars.
Then Mikhail Romanov became a czar. The reign of Mikhail Fedorovich and Alexei Mikhailovich was marked by a number of revolts, including the famous Salt Riot and Copper Riot. At the time begins the specialization and the emergence of factories happened, as well as development of Siberia. There have been numerous church reforms, which were adopted by Patriarch Nikon. The next period in the history of Russia belongs to the reign of Peter I, who adopted many reforms. Peter also started the development of the cultural life in Russia in 18th century.
After the death of Peter I, palace coups occurred, which resulted in the increased role of the nobility. In 1741 1743, there was a Russian Swedish war, as a result of which Russia was able to expand its territory. In 1756g, during the reign of Elizabeth Russia entered the Seven Years’ War supporting Austria and France. In 1768 1774, there was a Russian Turkish war. Catherine II’s reign is considered the gold century of nobility.
Further ruler of Russia was Paul I, who on the one hand was trying to ease the situation of people and on the other hand intensified censorship and repression. The next monarch, Alexander I adopted many reforms, but the peasant question was not resolved. Also, during the reign of Alexander I a conflict with France and the Patriotic War of 1812 happened. In 1825, there was an uprising of the Decembrists in Petersburg and Ukraine. Nicholas I also adopted many reforms, tried to reduce the power of the nobility, but also suppressed all the excitement of the people.
19th century was marked with the industrial revolution and the abolition of serfdom. During the reign f Alexander II the role of social movements was actively growing. In the 20th century, there was a finance reform. The revolution of 1905 1907 has led to positive results in terms of decentralization of power, which resulted in the appearance of Duma. The culture of the 20th century is traditionally called Silver Age. In 1914 1918, Russia was involved in the First World War, and in 1918 1921, there was a civil war in Russia. Then came the period of the New Economic Policy, and after the collapse of the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union was formed. After the collapse of the Soviet Union the latest time of the Russian history began.
Briefly, the history of Russia begins with the ancient times, the way of life of the ancient Slavs, education and development of the ancient Russian state (9 12 centuries). In the 7th 13th centuries, in Russia was a period of disunity, the disintegration of Russia into separate principalities and the struggle for Kiev between the princely dynasties.