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Politics in France

Domestic and foreign policy of France is determined by the desire for democracy and social equality. Event though, the country is a member in a number of organizations (NATO, EU, UN, OSCE, G8), the French have an independent foreign policy. Important role in this played the efficient army and the country’s nuclear weapons.

The state structure of the country is the republic headed by the President. Parliament consists of two chambers: the Senate and the National Assembly. There are about 40 political parties. National policy is determined by the Government headed by the Prime Minister.

The Constitution of the Fifth Republic, developed under the leadership of General Charles de Gaulle, was approved in a referendum held on September, 28 1958 in the territory of France itself and in its overseas departments. The constitution was approved by 82.5% of those taking part in the vote. The constitution was adopted on October 4, 1958.

Under the Constitution, the President of the Republic is the central political figure. In a referendum held on October 28, 1962, it was approved a constitutional amendment providing election of the president by direct popular vote, not by an electoral college.

Marine and land communications in France, located in the center of Europe, contributed to the development of the state, its economic and political influence. France led a capture policy of areas in America, colonized India and African countries. The attempt of the Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte to conquer the world ended in failure, and during the Second World War, the French themselves came under German occupation.

Since the beginning of the twentieth century, France’s foreign policy is based on strengthening relations with traditional partners: Germany, Poland, and Russia. The country develops relationships with former colonies: Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria, and the countries of the Asian region: Japan, China, and South Korea. The country maintains a military presence in the African region. Russia is of interest of the French natural resources, the possibility of cooperation in the field of space research, and civilian nuclear industry.

France is one of the founders of the European Union and defines its policy. Its members act as mediators in the political disagreements.

Domestic policy is based on reducing the income gap between rich and poor, fight against illegal migration, and increasing the birth rate. In France, the territory is inhabited by Catholics (84%), Protestants (2%), Muslims (13%), and Jews (1%).

Domestic and foreign policy of France is determined by the desire for democracy and social equality. Event though, the country is a member in a number of organizations (NATO, EU, UN, OSCE, G8), the French have an independent foreign policy. Important role in this played the efficient army and the country’s nuclear weapons.

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100000462
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CREATED ON
July 10, 2016
COMPLETED ON
July 11, 2016
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Essay Example Comments
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October 29, 2016
judy.washington4646
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October 26, 2016
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judy.washington4646
October 24, 2016
judy.washington4646
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